RITUALS AND NARRATIVES IN GULF REGION ARAB CULTURE HEYA BEYA

Volume 80, May 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.5.1
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Abstract: Heya Beya is a ceremony in which water-based rituals are performed in traditional Arab societies. It is more common in Gulf Region Arabs. It is aiming to please the earth-water spirits among the forces of nature and to protect against the evil of these spirits. Bahrain, Oman and Qatar are the places where this tradition is continued. Although the Gulf Region is a territory dominated by Islam, it is an area where traditional culture is kept alive. In this region, the traditional Heya Beya practice is being implemented as a reflection of the effort to create a national culture and with the perspective of keeping traditional values alive. Heya Beya traditional practices include germination of various grain products. The responsibility of germination is given to the girls at home. Germination is done for various purposes. In traditional culture, it is made as a symbolic sacrifice for the safe return of men who go sea hunting. Today, it is seen that this practice has undergone a change in meaning. It is also organized with Islamic motifs for the safe return of those who go on pilgrimage. Although the purpose of this practice varies according to societies, ceremonial practices continue. In this context, the grassed Heya Beya is shaped around water and the sea and continues as ceremonies that end with the practice of throwing the Heya Beya into the water. While performing this ritual, prays in the form of songs were sung, hoping that the sea/water would not harm those who initially went to the sea for hunting and gathering. Today, this ceremony is held on the eve of Eid al-Adha and is continued in the same form with the wish of the safe return of those who go on Hajj. Although the meanings attributed to it have changed, the purpose of making it has not changed, it has become a traditional form for the protection of life and the continuation of life. Although cultural change is an inevitable phenomenon and the changes in culture change the meanings attributed to the sacred, it is seen that the reasons for its first practice and the rituals related to it continue in the memory of societies.

Author(s): Selcuk Kursad Koca

SOYBEAN GROWTH PERFORMANCE AS AFFECTED BY PLANT DENSITY, ZINC ADDED TO PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZER SOURCE UNDER DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

Volume 80, May 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.5.3
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Abstract: It is well known that a key agronomic factor influencing the microenvironment of the field and the growth and development of crops is plant density. Zinc application is a crucial agronomic practice that is often overlooked by farmers who prioritize using single superphosphate. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of plant density and zinc added to phosphorus fertilizer sources on the growth performance of soybean under different environmental conditions. The field trial was conducted during the 2018/19 and 2019/20 planting seasons in two locations, namely Mafikeng and Taung. The experiment consisted of two plant densities, a lower plant density of 66 666 plants/ha and a higher plant density of 111 111 plants/ha. The five fertilizer treatments investigated were single super-phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, zinc added to single super-phosphate, zinc added to monoammonium phosphate, and control. The tallest plant height (44.97 cm) was recorded at Taung under higher plant density at 64 DAPS. The soybean fertilizer with SSP produced highest number of leaves (13.84) at Mafikeng. The application of MAP +Zn had highest chlorophyll contents, ranging from 11.16 to 16.34 at both locations. The phosphorus sources showed positive and significant relationship with root mass (R2 = 0.7032) at Taung. Hence, soybeans can be grown with an SSP phosphorus fertilizer source and cultivated at a plant density of 111,111 plants/ha.

Author(s): Abidemi Ruth Adebayo, E.T Sebetha, M.B Gonyane


THE IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN IN URBAN PARTICIPATION FROM A GENDER EQUALITY PERSPECTIVE: THE CASE OF ISTANBUL MUNICIPAL COUNCILS

Volume 80, Apr 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.4.2
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Abstract: Local government in Türkiye is basically divided into three as special provincial administrations, municipalities and villages. Municipality councils are important in terms of public participation in urban governance. According to Turkish Statistical Institute data, the population of Türkiye is 85 million 279 thousand 553 people. Of the total population, 50.1% are men and 49.9% are women. In other words, half of the people living in cities are women. Therefore, the presence of women members is important for participation in urban decisions. Istanbul has the largest population in Turkey. 18.65% of the country's population lives in Istanbul. Istanbul has 39 district municipalities. This research investigates the proportion of women members in Istanbul municipality councils. The study first provides a conceptual explanation of urban politics. The presence of women in urban participation in Türkiye and the world is discussed. Increasing the proportion of women in urban politics is important for achieving gender equality. Sustainable Development Goal 5 aims to "achieve gender quality and empower all women and girls" or simply "Gender Equality". It is focused on the main goal of securing equal participation and opportunities for leadership. Investigating the rate of female representation in Istanbul's municipality councils provides an opportunity to comment on gender equality.

Author(s): H.Burçin HENDEN SOLT

COLLABORATIVE APPROACHES IN ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE PRIVATE-PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES IN INNER-CITY AREAS: A CASE OF DURBAN MINIBUS TAXIS.

Volume 80, May 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.5.2
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Abstract: Transportation is a catalytic feature in cities. Transport and land use activity are interdependent and have a feedback loop between how land is developed and how transportation systems are designed and used. This recursive relationship between land use and transportation is reflected in how public transportation routes internal to the inner-city enhance accessibility, therefore creating spaces that are conducive for business activity, while the business activity also informs public transportation routes. It is for this reason that the focus of this research is on public transportation within inner-city areas where the dynamic is evident. Durban is the chosen case study where the dominating form of public transportation within the central business district (CBD) is minibus taxis. The paradox here is that minibus taxis still form part of the informal economy even though they are the leading form of public transportation in South Africa. There have been many attempts to formalise this industry to follow more regulatory practices, but minibus taxis are privately owned, therefore complicating any proposed intervention. The argument of this study is that the application of collaborative planning through a sustainable partnership between the public and private sector will improve the social and environmental sustainability of this public transportation. One of the major challenges that exist within such collaborative endeavours are power dynamics. As a result, a key focus in the study is around power relations. Practically, power relations should be observed over an extended period, specifically when the different stakeholders engage with each other, to reflect valid data. However, a length data collection process was not possible to observe during the data collection phase of this research. Instead, interviews were conducted focusing on existing procedural planning practices between the inner-city minibus taxi association (South and North Beach Taxi Association), the eThekwini Transport Authority (ETA), and the eThekwini Town Planning Department. Conclusions and recommendations of collaborative possibilities were then generated based on these data.

Author(s): Lonna S. Mabandla, Godfrey G. Musvoto


ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN DRY PORTS WITHIN THE CENTRAL ASIA REGIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION (CAREC) FRAMEWORK: A CASE STUDY OF PAKISTAN

Volume 80, Mar 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.3.4
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Abstract: This paper contributes to management and organization by assessing environmental sustainability within dry ports, pivotal for logistics management and sustainable development. It classifies factors constituting environmental sustainability, constructing a measurement instrument for assessment. Focusing on Pakistan within the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) program, this research investigates dry ports' development and operation in key locations like Torkham and Chaman along the Pakistan-Afghanistan Border, stressing sustainability amidst rapid economic growth. Applying a three-staged methodology, the study employs the Delphi method to identify sustainability factors, followed by Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to construct a comprehensive assessment scale aligning with global sustainability initiatives. Analysis of how Pakistani dry ports address sustainability challenges, particularly CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and waste management, underscores the study's implication in the global dialogue on environmental sustainability within the CAREC 2030 policy, presenting a framework for improvement and progress. The results emphasize adhering to environmental regulations and raising stakeholder awareness, highlighting the need for further research to understand the relationship between trade activities, environmental policies, and sustainable practices in dry ports. In conclusion, this study provides valuable insights into dry port sustainability in Pakistan, elucidating management approaches essential for fostering sustainability. It also emphasizes the implications of sustainability initiatives on operational efficiency, cost management, and stakeholder relationships within the ports, reaffirming the significance of management practices in achieving sustainable outcomes.

Author(s): Dr. Omar Khalid Bhatti

CONSUMPTION-ORIENTED SPATIAL TRANSFORMATION OF KARAKÖY AND SALIPAZARI PORTS: GALATAPORT İSTANBUL

Volume 80, Mar 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.3.3
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Abstract: Istanbul is a prominent destination with remarkable history, geography, and cultural heritage. Since the Ottoman era, the Karaköy and Salıpazarı of Istanbul have served as ports due to their strategic locations. An urban transformation project has revitalized the area, transforming it into a shopping center called “Galataport”. This development mirrors global trends of redeveloping coastal areas with tourism, economic, and retail potential for maximum profit. Thus, this research aims to reveal how this consumption-oriented spatial change is perceived by users. The study analyzes the capital-focused transformation of the port area in a spatial context and investigates the new consumption space. The main hypothesis of the study is that this coastal region has undergone a consumption-oriented socio-spatial transformation. In line with this hypothesis, the methods pursued for urban, managerial, socio-spatial, and socio-economic scrutiny include a literature review, analysis of the area’s transformation, and in-depth interviews with visitors to Galataport. The obtained data confirm the hypothesis. As a result of the transformation realized in a significant urban location, from a historical and geographical context, it is concluded that the space, with the support of legal and managerial actors, is used as a marketing tool focused on profit, and the artificial environment that could not otherwise be integrated into the city has become a consumption space.

Author(s): Miray Gür, Esra Kara Kurtuluş


THE EFFECT OF ROWING EXERCISES ON QUALITY OF LIFE, DEPRESSION AND FATIGUE LEVELS OF PATIENTS WITH PROSTATE CANCER

Volume 80, Apr 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.4.1
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Abstract: The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of rowing exercises performed by people who have been treated for prostate cancer on their depression levels and quality of life. An average of 60 minutes, 12-week program was applied 3 (three) days a week to 37 people who completed prostate cancer (PC) treatment, had no exercise disability and performed rowing exercise (59.10± 9.67 years). Quality of life (WHOQOL Brief) and depression levels Beck Depression Scale (BCS) and fatigue levels Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–Fatigue (FACIT-F) scale were administered to the participants at the beginning and end of the study. Since the data did not show normal distribution in the analysis, centrality and prevalence criteria (median and interquartile range) were determined for continuous variables, and the Wilcoxon test was used to determine the differences between the two groups by use of the Mann Whitney U test. In the evaluation of quality of life; a significant difference was found in all parameters in the study group pre-test post-test comparison and comparison with the control group (p<0.05). Depression levels; A significant difference was found between the study group and the control group in the comparison of the pre-test and post-test (p<0.05). As a result, it can be said that rowing exercises increase the quality of life of the participants and reduce their depression levels.

Author(s): Mensure Aydin Avci, Murat Turker, Tugba Kızılet


A LOCAL HISTORY STUDY ON INTEREST AND AWARENESS OF HISTORICAL ARTIFACTS

Volume 80, Feb 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.2.1
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Abstract: In this study, the aim was to reveal individuals’ interest and awareness regarding historical artifacts located in the Erzurum province. The research was conducted using a descriptive survey model in line with a qualitative approach. The participant group of the study consists of 90 individuals selected through convenience sampling method from the central districts of Erzurum between the years 2018 and 2019. In this research, the interview method has been adopted, and data were collected using a semi-structured interview form. The data obtained from the study were analysed using content analysis method. Based on the findings of the study, it has been determined that most of the participants perceive historical artifacts as works of art and remnants, and they are more familiar with historical artifacts in their immediate surroundings. Furthermore, it has been observed that physically visiting historical artifacts increases interest in them, and when participants explore historical artifacts, they tend to engage in historical analysis thinking. It has been determined that historical artifacts should be significant for society, and individuals mostly acquire information about historical artifacts from written sources and visits. It has been concluded that participants have an interest in historical artifacts located in Erzurum, but their levels of awareness are low. In addition, it seems that individuals do not notice historical artifacts in their immediate surroundings both in their educational and daily lives.

Author(s): Aydın GÜVEN, Rabia YALÇIN


AN ANTHROPONOMASTIC ANALYSIS OF CHARACTER NAMES IN MS SERUDU’S KELELAGOBEDI

Volume 80, Mar 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.3.2
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Abstract: This article examines character names in MS Serudu's drama, Kelelagobedi, as well as their potential impact on the narrative and character development. The study demonstrates the varied ways in which most of the names used in the drama contribute to character depiction and their functions within the storyline, by examining several types of character names used by the author. These are associative names, metaphoric names, and traditional names. Greater insights are further explored into the author's creative intentions of linking characters to their respective roles, by interpreting the underlying meanings and implications of the names, and finally demonstrating the significance of these names in moulding readers' views and sympathies towards fictional individuals. This discussion will centre on the classification of names into associative, metaphoric, and traditional categories, with the last category encompassing names that convey praise, heritage, and signify marital status.

Author(s): Zilibele Mtumane, Anikkie Mmanamela


TEACHER VIEWS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HISTORY EDUCATION PROGRAM (VAN EXAMPLE)

Volume 80, Jan 2024
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2024.1.2
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Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study is to identify the opinions of history teachers working in the Van province regarding the implementation of the 2018 history course curriculum. The research was conducted with basic qualitative research design of qualitative approach. Convenience sampling was used in determining the study group. Twelve history teachers working in the central districts of Van participated in the study carried out in 2018. The data were collected with semi-structured interviews and analysed with content analysis. It was concluded in the study that the teachers did not receive a sufficient level of training regarding the renewed history curriculum. In addition, it was found that most teachers considered themselves competent in implementing the history curriculum. They expressed satisfaction with the relevant program and had diverse opinions regarding the alignment of curriculum outcomes, objectives, and activities with the coursebooks. Furthermore, it was determined that history teachers presented the similarities and differences between the curriculum renewed in 2007 and subsequent years and the 2018 history curriculum (objectives, outcomes, activities, content, assessment, etc.). They also expressed their views on potential challenges that may arise during the implementation of the program and suggested solutions to address these issues.

Author(s): Rüstem ÇURKU, Aydın GÜVEN