RELIGIOUS VIEWS OF DOSTOYEVSKY F.?. IN THE HISTORIOGRAPHICAL ASPECT

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.20
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Abstract: The article examines Dostoevsky\'s socio-religious heritage for historical science. Particular attention is drawn to the spirituality of the Russian people, which, in Dostoevsky\'s opinion, forms moral values and relations. It is shown that in Dostoevsky\'s novels the values of the Orthodox faith determine the destiny of an entire nation.\r\nThe scientific problem solved in the article will give an opportunity to evaluate Dostoevsky\'s legacy in the light of deep spiritual experience in his works, which allows us to speak about the further development of science. Dostoevsky\'s works represent a cultural and historical significance that revives the religious, dialogic and socio-psychological aspects of understanding reality. Dostoevsky\'s texts should be perceived as a spiritual and moral paradigm for the formation of personality, which includes the features and principles of Dostoevsky\'s judgments.\r\nThe article generalizes the significance of FM Dostoevsky not only as a writer, but also as a metaphysician and an ideologist. His ideological views in the religious sphere are consistent with many of today\'s search for Russian historical and cultural identity. The hard life of the writer is extremely important, since Dostoevsky, with all the utopian views on the national idea of Russia, remained a realist.

Author(s): Ershov Bogdan Anatolievich, Perevozchikova Larisa Sergeevna, Volkova Ekaterina Alexandrovna, Tonkih Vladimir Alekseevich


A SURVEY ON ELLIPTIC CURVE BASED SIGNCRYPTION FOR INFORMATION SECURITY

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.27
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Abstract: In Today�s era of digital India where the country is heading towards e-business and e-transactions there is a dire need of securing the transactions and data to garner the trust of the consumer. With security we cannot overlook the computational cost which will add to the overhead of the transactions. Security stands eminent in the new age of Digitization and to add to the trust of the consumer the Security methods need to adhere to Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability. Non-Repudiation is also a matter of concern in the domain of security wherein it is necessary for the sender to be accountable for the communication. The advent of Encryption of data and digital signatures has brought a massive revolution in the field of Security but there are challenges like; increased computational cost which have lead to new fields of enhancements.�Signcryption� is one such process which has evolved over time to meet the requirements of a more efficient method of Security. Many methods have been discussed with RSA based Signcryption and later with elliptic curve based Signcryption with elliptic curve based Signcryption having a better hold over application areas due to its perks of low computational time and costs. This paper focuses on the Signcryption methods based on elliptic curves and the manner in which elliptic curve signcryption methods have evolved to meet the dynamic requirements of security.

Author(s): Dhanashree K. Toradmalle, Jayabhaskar Muthukuru


EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION USING DATA MINING METHODOLOGIES

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.24
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Abstract: With the growing size, challenges, complexities, management and dynamics in the domain, are kept up the development in an educational domain become a challenging task. It is known fact that major educational institutes ranging from primary school, college to universities uses information technology infrastructure in their administration, academics and research. They collect information from stakeholder�s time to time and store the same in computers. The objective of this paper is to focus on the need for using data mining tools by an educational institute irrespective of their educational domain. By using these analytical tools, we can emphasis on classifying, predicting the behaviour, performance of student as well as teacher�s performance.

Author(s): V. V. Jaya Rama Krishnaiah, Penubothu Ajith, Kurra Rajasekhara Rao


PSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CREATING HEALTH THE RISING GENERATION IN MODERN SOCIOCULTURAL SPACE

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.17
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Abstract: In this article theoretical shown methodological bases of health creating in modern social-cultural space of education are considered. The special attention is given to the definition of the problems of the concepts concerning health of the educational process subjects. In the context of the research done the authors define the concept �health creative pedagogical activity�, reveal its structure, functions and realization mechanisms. In sociocultural space of the present humanistic model of education becomes especially actual. We define health creation as constructing of own health on the basis of mechanisms of personal self-actualization and self-realization, that is management of own health which presupposes personal definition and realizing measures, actions, ways of saving, bringing to normal state and increasing health creating potential. In the context of considerable lowing of learners� health level, in the absence of doctors at schools the problem of children�s health forming has to be solved by teachers. Health creating pedagogical activity assumes the presence of two components: proper health creating activity (personal component) and pedagogical activity in health creating of learners (professional component). We single out the following principles of health creative activity of teachers: the principle of holisticity, humanistic principle, germenevtical principle, the principle of social significance, the principle of subjectivity.

Author(s): Pavel Aleksandrovich Kislyakov, Anatoly Gennadievich Madzhuga, Andrej Vyacheslavovich Korjuev, Raisa Victorovna Shurupova, Aleksandra Sergeyevna Sokolova, Albina Rifovna Sadykova


THE INVESTIGATION OF NEW CHANGES IN MEDICINE AND THE CONSUMERS' BEHAVIOUR: THE CASE OF RUSSIA

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.18
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Abstract: Trust as a subject of researches has a long history. It has been regarded as the basis of human relations. Many famous sociologists G.Simmel, F.Tonnies, P.Blau, G.Homans, F.Fukuyama, A.Giddens, N.Luhmann, P.Sztompka) researched the special role of trust as a regulator in social interactions. Medicine is only one social institution, where the trust has always been regarded as a key element. For a long time period, trust was in the base of the social contract between society and physicians. According to its conditions, the medical corporation has been entrusted with the task of caring health of its members by society, and in turn, the medical corporation has received exclusive conditions of the activity: the special professional status, prestige, internal control and audit. However, under the influence of change in modern society, the present paradigm of clinical medicine is replacing by evidence-based medicine, that alters the role of a physician, who has been losing his unique position as a leader in the treatment, but becomes a part of the complex organizational system. Thus, there is a change in the model structure and organization of Medicine as a social institute and its interconnections to the society. As shown by the results of sociological researches, in the modern transforming society, under the conditions of the decomposition of the structure and transformation of hierarchical relationships into the linear or network forms, a basic or personal trust comes again the leading role in social interactions. And now the question is how trust affects the attitudes and behaviours of consumers of medical service under the process of shaping the national health care system in Russia. As it revealed, the erosion of trust in medicine leads to the spread of self-medication as a new social practice.

Author(s): Liadova Anna, Liadova Maria, Panich Nataliya


PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ LEARNING IN A SCIENCE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAMME: A CASE STUDY AT A SOUTH AFRICAN UNIVERSITY

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.26
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Abstract: A number of Higher Education Institutions in South Africa have introduced access/foundation programmes to assist students in the transition from secondary to tertiary education. Since student support is an essential feature at universities, a voluntary science enhancement (intervention) programme was implemented at a South African university to address the poor performance of first year science education students, as a formal structured programme was not on offer. The purpose of this research was to explore the students� interests, beliefs, attitudes and experiences of learning science in the programme. Epistemological beliefs with regard to learning science served as a framework for the study. The research design was a case study as data were generated from one site where we attempted to gain in-depth information about a particular phenomenon. A qualitative approach was used and descriptive data through questionnaires, interviews, reflections and evaluations were generated. The findings suggest that students� attitudes were changed and their emotional development, their confidence for learning science was developed. Students were confident that they had acquired skills that would improve their performance in science as well as in other modules. A significant finding was a shift in students� beliefs about the nature of science, which created for them a different approach to learning science. Enhancement programmes focusing on ways to support science education students are crucial for them to navigate their learning during their transition from school to university and also throughout their studies.

Author(s): Angela James, Michele Stears


MATHEMATICAL LITERACY CURRICULUM FOR THE FIRST-YEAR NON-SCIENCE MAJOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: IMPRESSIONS OF PURPOSE VERSUS EXPERIENCE OF PURPOSE

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.22
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Abstract: Formulation of curricular purposes and the extent to which such purposes are realised in curricular practice have recently become prominent in related academic discourse. This paper addresses this prominence in the context of a quantitative literacy course offered at a South African tertiary institution. The purpose of the intended curriculum was studied. Students enrolled for the course were interviewed with a view to exploring their lived experiences gained whilst pursuing this course. Their responses to interviews and questionnaires were categorised into themes and were matched with certain aspects of integrative and traditional curricula. The students� experience of the purpose of the curriculum was also explored by interrogating some of their written responses to tasks designed in this research. This research showed that, despite a satisfactorily formulated statement of module purpose for the mathematical literacy course, the extent to which the envisaged purpose materialised in the attainment of curricular goals in the case considered here, was unsatisfactory. Impressions of purpose were thus found to be in complete discord with the experiences of purpose.

Author(s): KRISHNANNAIR A., A. MAHARAJ, D. BRIJLALL


THE HISTORY OF THE EMERGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN KAZAKHSTAN IN THE LATE XIX - EARLY XX CENTURY

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.14
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Abstract: Local self-government as an institution contributing to the strengthening of civil society and the rule of law is an integral and essential condition for the functioning of democracy and people power. In fact, local self-government is the right of the people, on their own initiative, to solve everyday problems of the community's vital activity, this is an effective barrier to the spread of corruption, abuse of power, embezzlement and other types of offenses. It has a great potential, which must be supported by the state, since local self-government is an indicator of the country's progressive dynamic development. In the countries of traditional democracy, self-government, both in historical retrospect and at the present stage, acts as one of the most effective regulators of society's life.

Author(s): Badanova Marzhan, Kozhakhmetov Galym


THE FORMS OF COMMUNICATION USED BY THE EARLY CHRISTIAN CHURCH

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.13
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Abstract: The Disciples of Christ and the Jews failed to understand His mission because theyanticipated the coming of a political leader. Therefore, when Christ died the disciples becamedemoralised and when they heard that his body was missing, they believed that someone had stolen the body. However, it was the day of Pentecost which brought about a boldness within these followers which instantly transformed them. Initially the primitive community had no fixed order or organisation. Those who were converts of the apostles also communicated the gospel. Initially oral communication was used by the laymen movement. Laymen imply that the preachers of the gospel were men. When the movement was being established as anorganisation, written communication played a vital role in the early Christian church.The aim of the study is to test validity of Klopper’s theory of optimisation of humancommunication (TOHC) in comparison to how human forms of communication developed in the early Christian church from the time they saw themselves as a movement to when they became an established religious organisation. This study was constructed within the framework of Klopper’s theory which is on optimisation of human communication. Within a culture people optimise a variety of forms of communication; in so doing they ensure personal survival and as a long-term survival strategy maintain their culture (Klopper, 2002). Theauthor did a qualitative content analysis of the historical trends in the use of Christian communication. This study confirms the validity of Klopper’s TOHC regarding the establishment of the early Christian church. The author shows how the early Christian church used the basic forms of communication while they were in the movement phase and how they widened the forms of communication when they became an organization.

Author(s): Mike Megrove Reddy

SUPERVISION AS A TOOL OF PRODUCING INDEPENDENT RESEARCHERS: REFLECTING ON SUPERVISION PROCESSES

Volume 73, Aug 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.8.25
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Abstract: The importance of doctoral graduates has increased worldwide and good supervision is central to the production of independent researchers and scholars who can supervise postgraduate students. This paper reflects on what is conceived as the best practice in postgraduate supervision, styles, models, strategies and the balance of power relations. In South Africa the production of doctoral graduates is perceived as playing a crucial role in addressing challenges of the country and knowledge production. There was a broad agreement that Africa needs more holders of a PhD in order to renew an ageing professoriate, staff the rapidly expanding higher education field, boost research and generate the high-level skills growing economies require. Inadequate knowledge and expertise in supervision process impacts negatively on the production of work of students.\r\nKey Words: Postgraduates, doctoral writing, supervision models, Independent researcher

Author(s): Jili, Nokukhanya, Mfundo Mandla Masuku