THE EFFECTS OF THE GEOBOARD ON LEARNER UNDERSTANDING OF GEOMETRY THEOREMS

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.8
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Abstract: This study investigated the effects of the Geoboard on learners� understanding of geometric theorems. The study employed a qualitative research design. The study was conducted in two secondary schools. Twenty five participants were selected randomly from each of two conveniently selected secondary schools. Four focus groups were eventually established, two from each school. All 50 participants were taught geometric theorems using the Geoboard for two weeks. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results revealed that Geoboards improved learners� understanding of geometric theorems, especially understanding the geometric terminology and reasoning.

Author(s): Vimolan Mudaly, Mandlenkosi Sibiya


THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF DERIVATOLOGY (WORD CREATION) IN THE DIALECTS AND ACCENTS OF NAKHCHIVAN

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.22
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Abstract: The word creation problem exist in the dialects and accents of Nakhchivan and the Eastern Anatolia is first time comparative investigated in this article. Word creation and semantics problem in Nakhchivan group of dialects and accents of Azerbaijan language also will be systematically investigated first time. The purpose of this article is to investigate the materials of Nakhchivan and the Eastern Anatolia dialects and accents in historical-ethimological plan. The article is useful for develop the guality of the educational of language history, historical lexicology and dialectology subjects and also usefull for students of philological faculties. The same time the article can be useful in preparing multi volumes dialectological vocabularies and investigations on accent lexical and will give them a new direction and materials. Keywords: Nakhchivan derivatologiya, semantik, fonetik, morfoloji, sintaktik, dialects, accents

Author(s): Zulfiyye ISMAYIL

SPACE AND TIME (Underlying Philosophical Distinctions)

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.5
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Abstract: We are acquainted with references to space and time, as if we are dealing phenomena of the same kind. Yet we shall argue that juxta-posing space and time amounts to nothing van comparing apples and oranges. In general time is often associated with the flow or duration. Yet as soon as we consider something like time-measurement it appears that time takes on different shapes. Stafleu points out that time measurement initially simply boiled down to counting (days, months, years, etc.). Then time was measured by the relative spatial position of the sun or the stars in the sky (with or without the help of instruments like the sundial). Subsequently time was measured by utilizing the regular motion of more or less complicated clockworks. More recently time is measured on the basis of irreversible processes, for example, in atomic clocks. But time is not merely one aspect of reality - it is an ontic dimension of the universe in its own right which comes to expression within every modal aspect of reality in accordance with the unique meaning of such an aspect. Space belongs to the dimension of modal aspects, alongside others such as the numerical aspect, the kinematic aspect, the physical aspect, the biotic aspect, and so on. As a modal-functional aspect of reality space co-conditions the existence of all kinds (classes) of entities. Its modal universality implies that all classes of entities function within the spatial aspect. The relative position of the aspect of space among other modal aspects will be analysed in this article. It will be argued that time is neither merely physical in nature nor solely to be identified with any other specific modal aspect. All modal aspects and entities are embedded in the ontic dimension of time - and the aspect of space is just one of the multiple modal functions of the universe. Therefore, it is not correct simply to position space and time next to each other for then apples and oranges are compared. More specific issues and questions addressed in our analysis are: the infinitely large and small; does nature make jumps?; wat is entailed in the switch from Kant to non-Euclidean geometry; how do we have to account for different kinds of space - such as physical space, biotic space, sensory space, or logical space?; are analogical terms inevitable; do we live in a space-time continuum?; why is perceptual space non-Euclidean?

Author(s): Danie Strauss

PR AND THE MASS MEDIA: INTERRELATIONS AND INFORMATION GOVERNANCE POLICY

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.19
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Abstract: PR industry involves journalists who know the requirements of various media channels, and who have personal and professional contacts, and interrelationship with them should be effective and productive to the maximum extent. At the modern stage the world sometimes depends on the rules set by and analyses conducted by the media. This, for its part, makes the study of interrelationship between PR and mass media topical. The essence of PR includes compromise and a pragmatic approach in order to solve concrete problems faced by public relations specialists. In this context, PR can be described as a tool for manipulation. Manipulation of public consciousness acts as a technology here, so professionals, who can manipulate using this technology, emerge. PR is aimed at building bilateral relationship for ensuring common opinion based on objectivity, knowledge and full provision of information, or common interests and mutual understanding. The essence of PR activity can be defined as adaptation of a company`s policy to interests of the society in line with pragmatic interests of the company itself. For PR success is the existence of true and comprehensive information. Separation of time and priorities at the preliminary planning stage is very important for making a right choice. The activity of PR in the field of public relations involves the process of managing communication between the organization and target audience. In a broader sense, target audience means general public. In this context, the structure of general public features population, self-governing structure, mass media, administrative management employees, public unions, senior government bodies, main audience, as well as production and other sectors.

Author(s): Rahimzade Vugar Ganjali

ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT STRUGGLE ON THE BASIS OF HISTORICAL LEXICOGRAPHICAL SOURCES

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.2
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Abstract: The article touched upon the problem of formation a conceptual knowledge about the struggle. The purpose of the work was to study the complex structure of the concept �struggle�. Linguistic-cognitive approach to the concept allowed to uncover the mental unit of knowledge, as reflected in the historical and lexicographic sources. The study showed that the concept of "struggle" has a multi-layer structure consisting of a "passive layer", a "historical" layer, as well as the most relevant layer.

Author(s): Tatiana Sergeevna Makarova

ACTIVATED CARBON USE IN PASSIVE WASTE GAS SYSTEM FOR OPERATING ROOMS

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.1
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Abstract: Introduction: The operating room atmosphere is constantly contaminated with the anesthetic gases from the leak valves of the anesthesia machines, due to the closure mechanisms of the vaporizers not being safe and even from the expiratory air of the patients. The main goal in designing this study was to create safer and healthier conditions by cleaning the operating theaters, the ongoing work areas of the anesthetists, of the inhaler pharmacological agents used. Methods: This work was based on the identification of circulating anesthetic agents in the flow circulation. For this reason, it is planned for this purpose to prepare a circuit consisting of two gas modules, the respiratory circuit which will measure the anesthetic agent, and an activated carbon filter. Results: The total elimination time for isoflurane was 71 hours, for sevoflurane 49 hours and for desflurane 23 hours. When the amounts of volatile agents in the incoming and outgoing streams were equalized, an increase of 370 gr for isoflurane, 312 gr for sevoflurane and 335 gr for desflurane was observed. Conclusion: We believe that active carbon containing filter which will be integrated into the waste gas system will make the operating room environment safer for anesthetic gases and that chronic exposure to exhaust gases can be reduced considerably by regular use. Furthermore, in hospitals with active waste gas systems, the using of activated carbon filter at the atmospheric release point of the waste gases, can be considered.

Author(s): Ahmet Topal, Resul Yilmaz, Mehmet Sargin


THE ROLE OF NATIONAL STYLE IN THE NEGOTIATION PROCESS ON THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIA AND CHINA

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.12
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Abstract: Each nation has its own customs, traditions, culture and manner of communication, its own peculiarities of the state and political system. This, of course, has a certain impact on the conduct of negotiations. The debate about whether there is such a thing as a national negotiating style has been going on for a long time. An authoritative domestic researcher of the negotiation process and political settlement, M. M. Lebedeva argues that "direct participants in the negotiations always emphasize the fact of differences in the nature of negotiations between representatives of different countries and peoples". However, the phenomenon of "national style" is still very unclear to international researchers in the field of negotiations, and it seems impossible to give any clear definition. Difficulties in the scientific definition of this term are connected to a large extent with the fact that it is sometimes difficult to draw a clear boundary between the national characteristics of the behavior of the participants in the negotiations, the state style, ethnic and personal characteristics, the specifics of the political culture of representatives of different States, etc.

Author(s): Tatyana Gennadievna Furman

FEAR AS A CULTURAL PHENOMENON

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.2
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Abstract: The problem of fear and its impact on the life of each individual in particular and the society as a whole was raised and solved before, but the XX century was an era marked by extreme overexcitation and anxiety-socio-cultural conditions of occurrence, range, scale, variations of fears have become different. This study is dictated by the need to understand a qualitatively new stage in the evolution of the understanding of fear. Now this understanding is largely built through the prism of the current state of culture - postmodern, which is expressed not least in vulnerability and instability. The attractiveness and horror of the situation are intertwined in the phrase: \"The only stable state is the state of instability\".

Author(s): Tatyana Gennadievna Furman

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF PALLIATIVE UNITS AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PALLIATIVE UNITS AND INTENSIVE CARE

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.4
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Abstract: Background: The relationship between palliative units and intensive care is an under-examined issue. \r\nObjectives: This study was aimed to investigate general characteristics of patients in palliative care unit(PCU) and patient transfers between these units and intensive care units(ICU).\r\nMethod: Patients who were followed up at the PCU were reviewed retrospectively. The study group patients were divided into three groups as a discharge, ICU transfer and exitus. The characteristics of patients receiving both palliative care after intensive care and intensive care after palliative care treatment were evaluated.\r\nResults: A total of 337 patients were followed in the PCU during the study period. 138 of these patients were admitted from the ICU. The mortality rate of the PCU was 16.3%(55 patients). The mortality were higher in patients with malignancy-related complications (p<0,001) and the discharge rate were higher in patients with orthopedic reasons(p=0.016). Exitus group had longer palliative hospitalizations(p=0.008), while ICU transfers group had longer hospitalizations(p<0.001). The mean Karnofsky Performance Score was significant higher in the discharge group (p < 0.001). Palliative care patients were transferred to ICU at a rate of 10.1%(n:34). The patients were mostly transferred into ICU for respiratory failure (91,2%), unconsciousness (82,4%), hemodynamic problems (70,6%) and infections (52,9%). The mortality rate was 97%(n:33) in the ICU transfer group. Only one patient (3%) was returned to palliative unit after ICU.\r\nConclusion: The patients with high mortality that would not benefit from intensive care treatment would be more suitable to follow up in the PCU in the end of their life.

Author(s): Iskender Kara, Iskender Kara, Bekir Tezcan, Hasan Nabi Undar, Halit Karaca, Faruk Cicekci


MODELLING AND DEFINITION OF OPTIMUM DIVIDEND POLICY OF OIL AND GAS COMPANIES

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.3
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Abstract: This article substantiates the necessity for improving approaches towards optimization of a dividend policy of oil and gas companies. Therefore, this research develops a new conceptual approach in the theory of corporate management aiming at substantiating the feasibility for considering a dividend structure factor of a company, while maximizing the company's market value. A quantitative measurement of the level of optimum dividend payouts that are differentiated according to the company's capital structure is an advantage of this approach. A functional dependence of the company's market value against the level of dividend payouts, with regard to the company's capital structure, has been presented. A range of quantitative levels of dividend payouts of oil and gas companies under consideration has been calculated, and a type of the optimum policy regarding the established company's capital structure has been determined, in accordance with such range. Such approach allows for substantiating the most effective type of the dividend policy subject to the financial condition of the company for maximizing its market value. It utilizes the subjectivity in the course of optimizing the company's dividend policy and ensures accurate evaluation of the optimum level of dividend payouts. It facilities increasing efficiency of the net profit of oil and gas companies under consideration and building capacity of the market value of such companies.

Author(s): Ismayilov Niyazi Musa, -