THE THOUGHTS ON HUMAN IN BRITISH AND AZERBAIJANI LITERATURE IN EARLY XX CENTURY

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.15
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Abstract: The article is devoted to the human issue, which was reflected in the British and Azerbaijani literature in the early 20th century. It is noted that the reflection of this problem in the literature has created a deep typological affinity and connection in the literature of both peoples. Since this issue excited the playwrights, poets, and figures of other spheres of artistic creativity who thought about the nature of the human being and his fate, and the ideas associated with it.\nThe article compares the plays of William Butler Yeats, George Bernard Shaw, Jafar Jabbarly, David Herbert Lawrence, Huseyn Javid.\nIt is noted that the literature of both peoples was heavily influenced by the works of psychologist Sigmund Freud.\nBesides analyzing the literary reflection of the human issue in both peoples� literatures in early XX century this article assists to define which problems are mostly connected with some serious points of the development directions of both literatures and typological similarities between our literatures.

Author(s): Mammadova Javida

MEDICATION ADHERENCE BEHAVIOUR OF PRIVATE SECTOR PATIENTS AFFLICTED WITH CERTAIN COMMUNICABLE AND/OR NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.6
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Abstract: Medication adherence is a significant factor contributing towards the achievement of treatment goals. This study was conducted to provide insight into the medication adherence behaviour of private sector patients afflicted with communicable and non-communicable chronic diseases.\r\nObjectives\r\nTo investigate the medication adherence behaviour of patients suffering from Non-Communicable diseases and Communicable diseases in the private health care sector of the eThekwini Metropolitan of KwaZulu-Natal. \r\nMethods \r\nA self-reported medication adherence questionnaire was used to obtain data, from 233 patients afflicted with Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension and Dyslipidaemia. The questionnaire focused on factors that influence medication adherence as well as the number of days of medication missed during the last 30 days. Data was collected and analysed using SPSS .\r\nResults \r\nMajority of participants were aged between 41-60 years (49.8%), and were of male gender (52.8%). An almost equal number of participants were afflicted with single disease (n=116) or multiple diseases (117). Hypertension was the most prevalent ailment (n=167), followed by Type 2 Diabetes (n=113), Dyslipidaemia (n=94) and HIV (n= 26). Over 62% of participants reported not missing any medication during the last 30 days. More than 21% had stated missing 1-2 days of their medication and 15.9% reported missing 3 or more days of medication during the last 30 days. With regards to single diagnosis, the highest percentage of adherence was reported in participants afflicted with Hypertension (60.6%), and Type 2 diabetes (58.3%). HIV and Dyslipidaemia had the lowest rates of adherence as 45% (n=9) of HIV only afflicted participants and 57.1% (n=4) of Dyslipidaemia only afflicted participants reported missing 1 or more days of their medication. The highest rate of non-adherence was found in the age group of participants 51-60 years old, while the highest rate of adherence was found in the group aged 70 years+. Reasons for non-adherence included cost, forgetting to take medication, running out of medication, stopping medication because it made them feel worse or gave a side effect and having difficulty with time schedules or having medication with/without food. \r\nConclusion\r\nParticipants afflicted with communicable and non-communicable diseases in the private health care sector have sub-optimal medication adherence. No significant correlations were found between having a particular disease and the rate of adherence, but participants afflicted with HIV only and Dyslipidaemia only where the least adherent. Reasons for non-adherence were the similar to other studies.

Author(s): Suklal K. BPharm, Naidoo P. BPharm


COMPARISON OF TWO DIFFERENT FLUCONAZOLE PROPHYLAXIS PROTOCOLS IN INFANTS WITH VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.12
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Abstract: Objective and Aim: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) in very low birth weight (VLBW, ≤1500g) infants is related to significant morbidity and mortality. To compare two fluconazole prophylaxis regimens for IFI in VLBW while maintaining surveillance for fluconazole resistance. \\r\\nMaterial and Methods: All VLBW infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were enrolled as the study group if they were less than 1 day old . Infants who received targeted fluconazole prophylaxis between September 2011-August 2012 were compared with the ones who received standard fluconazole prophylaxis between September 2012- August 2013. Intravenous (IV) or oral fluconazole, 3mg/kg, twice weekly for 30 days to very low birth weight (VLBW) and 45 days to extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants were given as standard prophylaxis. VLBW infants who had predefined risk factors received fluconazole at the same dosage, constituted the targeted prophylaxis group. \\r\\nResults: Fifty one patients were allocated as the standard fluconazole prophylaxis group and 67 patients were enrolled for the targeted fluconazole prophylaxis group. There existed no IFI in the standard fluconazole prophylaxis group. However, 4 (5.9%) patients had IFI in the targeted fluconazole prophylaxis group. No adverse effects of fluconazole were recognized. Additionally, there were no deaths in patients with IFI. \\r\\nConclusion: Standard prophylaxis prevents IFI without increasing the resistivity pattern in our NICU setting.

Author(s): Ufuk Cakir, Duran Yildiz, Emel Okulu, Dilek Kahvecioglu, Serdar Alan, Omer Erdeve, Erdal Ince, Saadet Arsan, Begum Atasay


EFFECT OF PALM GROVES DENSITY AND DATE VARIETY ON ECTOMYELOIS CERATONIAE ZELLER 1839 (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) INFESTATION

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.14
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Abstract: The study aims to compare effects of date palm density and variety on Ectomyelois ceratoniae infestations level under field conditions in the region of Ouargla (South Est Algeria). The study was carried out in the season 2016/2017, three densities (100 trees/ha, 150 trees/ha and 200 trees/ha) and ten varities (Deglet Nour, Ghars, Degla Beida, Amariya, Azol, Tawadant, Tattiwetnouh, Sebaewdrae, Lala khdidja, Arti) were chosen from ancient palm groves in the region of Ouargla. Infestation level was calculated by observing the presence or absence of Ectomyelois ceratoniae (eggs, larvae and excrement) in dates. Obtained data were given as means and analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Fisher�s test at P ? 0,05. XLSTAT software version 2009.1.02. was used. The results showed that density and variety had effects on Ectomyelois ceratonia infestation levels, the density of 100 trees/ha has the lowest infestation level, the verities Deglet Nour 23,12%, Sbebaewdra 22,56% and Ghars 19,47% were the most infested cultivars and sensitive on the variation densities. Key words: cultivars; dates; date palm; date moth; infestation.

Author(s): Hammouya Fatma Zohra, Idder Mohamed Azzedine, Idder-Ighili Hakima


SCIENTIFIC EVALUATION OF SANGAM LITERATURE CONCEPT OF THINAIGAL (LANDSCAPES) IN TERMS OF DISEASE PREVALENCE AND THE PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION OF THEIR CHIEF FLORA

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.13
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Abstract: The classical Tamil literature known as Sangam literature was engraved on palm leaves and dates back to the period between 300BC and 300 AD. These works were written in ancient Tamil and were composed as hymns, ballads, erotic verses and lyrics. They graphically portray the life, health status and civilization under the Chera, Chola and Pandiya dynasties during the early centuries. Presently, the medical research methodology includes epidemiological studies to assess the distribution and determinants of health and disease in defined population. Upon careful analysis of Sangam literature, it is fascinating to explore that the ancient Tamil culture has also provided such epidemiological knowledge of disease prevalence along with the management of diseases through their distinctive concept of Thinaigal (Landscapes). While today’s modern world is globally concerned with improving the moribund health status of the population, the concept of Thinaigal (Landscapes) has provided the terrain, the fauna and flora, health status and medicinal value of their flora of five major landscapes (Iynthinaigal) namely Kurinji, Mullai, Marutham, Neithal and Palai. These landscapes were named after the chief herbs growing in that region. Therefore this review work evaluates the traditional claims of these geographical landscapes, in terms of disease prevalence pertaining to the landscapes (Thinaigal) and the geographical herbs for disease management in the light of recent scientific studies. This literature review has been made to highlight the public health approach that existed in ancient Tamil culture as a pioneer for epidemiological studies of modern era and to appraise the contribution of geographical herbs towards improving the health status of the country.

Author(s): M. Rajantheran, K. Silllalee , R.Jeeva gladys , L.Velayutham, K.Balagurusamy


EFFECTS OF SALT STRESS ON SEED GERMINATION OF SOME NATIVE PLANTS OF ALGERIAN SAHARAN RANGELANDS

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.7
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Abstract: This study aims to compare the germination behavior of fourteen native dominant species from (11 botanical families) from dromedary's rangelands recommended for ecological restoration under different concentrations of NaCl (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 mM). Germination Percentage (GP %) and Mean Germination Time (MGT) was recorded. The obtained results showed that seeds of all the tested species germinate only in the lowest concentration of NaCl (0 and 50mM). On the other hand, when the saline concentration is between (100 and 250mM). An osmotic stress is manifested, decreasing and delaying the germination from the first three days at 0mM to the (9th, 12th and 15th day) at (150, 200 and 250 mM) respectively according to species. High concentrations of NaCl inhibit seed germination of most species. With the exception of Asphodelus tenuifolius Cavan. which showed the best germination behavior even in the highest concentrations (65 and 15%). It has a relatively higher tolerance than Bassia muricata (L.) Asch. (60%) and Crotalaria saharae Coss (40%).

Author(s): M. Marfoua, S. Bissati Bouafia, A. Eddoud, E. Buisson, FZ Belhadj D. Ameur and A. Saridi


TO THE QUESTION OF THE INTERRELATION OF BIOETHICS AND LAW: INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL EXPERIENCE

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.11
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Abstract: The article is devoted to some problems of interrelation between bioethics and law. Some aspects of the international and national experience of this problem in the modern period are considered. It is noted that innovations in all sectors of human life fundamentally change the attitude of man to the world and to himself, ahead of the formation of appropriate ethical and legal trends.\nThe author examines some aspects of international experience, notes that some scientists proceed from the principles that the ever increasing growth of new technologies generates possible threats to the survival of mankind. But, along with pessimistic approaches, there are quite vital tendencies, namely, that it is scientific discoveries that will create in the future the necessary conditions for the survival of mankind, the solution of their arid problems.

Author(s): Galandarli Nigar Huseyn gizi

PROBLEMS OF THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND THE FORMALIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL LAW TO FIGHT AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.8
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Abstract: The article is devoted to some political, law and historical aspects of such a negative phenomenon as human trafficking and ways to fight this phenomenon, about taking measures of the international community to prevent and prevent such facts in the present. It is noted that, despite consistent measures to prevent the facts of human trafficking, it is still on the scale of concern for society. It is emphasized that, historically, this phenomenon equated with the slave trade, which some criminal groups forced crooked representatives of the population to become dependent in their hands, who took objective and subjective situations in their own selfish intentions.

Author(s): Galandarli Sona Huseyn gizi

EFFECT OF CHANGES IN SEXUAL LIFE AND BODY IMAGE ON THE QUALITY OF SEXUAL LIFE IN PREGNANCY

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.10
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Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of changes in sexual life and body image on the quality of sexual life in pregnancy. Methods: The sample of this cross-sectional study was consisted of 330 pregnant women who had applied a hospital in eastern Turkey. The data were collected using a Personal Information Form, the Body Cathexis Scale and the Sexual Quality of Life-Female questionnaire. Results: The quality of sexual life for women who had any types of sexual problem, whose sexual desire decreased, who suffered from pain and whose frequency of sexual activity decreased during pregnancy was found to be lower compared to those who did not experience any of these said changes (p<0.05). This study also found that the quality of sexual life of the participants who stated that their vaginal lubrication increased was higher than those who stated that there was no increase in their vaginal lubrication (p<0.05). Lastly, this study determined that the quality of sexual life of the pregnant women who had a negative body image was lower than those who had a positive body image (p<0.05). Conclusion: In general, this study found that certain changes in sexual life, negative body image negatively affected the quality of sexual life during pregnancy.

Author(s): Tuba Ucar, Sumeyye Altiparmak, Zeliha Sunay


THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF FREE TRADE ZONE IN ALGERIA (1997-2016)

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.5
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Abstract: The intent to conduct this study is to investigate the effect of the foreign direct investment on the economic growth of Algeria. Moreover, this study also analyzes the effect of imports and domestic capital on the economic growth after the establishment of a free trade zone in Algeria. In order to estimate the effect of FDI, exports and domestic capital, data from (1997-2016) was collected from various international organizations who provide statistical data. The Cobb-Douglas production function was used in this study to establish a link between foreign direct investment and economic growth. The results of this study show that foreign direct investment has a significant positive effect on the economic growth of Algeria after the establishment of free trade zone. Moreover, Algerian exports and domestic capital also have a significant positive association with the foreign direct investment. So, it is deduced that due to foreign direct investment in a country, its exports and economic growth also influence the economic growth of the country. In light of results, it is recommended that Algeria should provide tax incentives, political stability, secure, bribe-free and research-oriented environment so that, the more foreign direct investment could be attracted in free trade zone of Algeria and economic growth targets could be attained.

Author(s): zeeshan Ahmad, Ali Bouchemal