FOLLOW-UP ON SOCIAL MEDIA TO MEASURE TOPIC DIFFUSION: ECUADORS ZONE 3 ASSEMBLY MEMBERS CASE

Volume 74, Oct 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.10.1
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Abstract: This research aims to follow-up on social media channels in order to measure topics from Zone 3 assembly members in Ecuador. The problem identified by means of direct observation is the absence of monitoring and follow-up activity in social networks, as well as the lack of knowledge of digital tools in obtaining indicators. This leads to a low online presence of assembly members. The proposed methodological procedure consists of the following stages: defining objectives and metrics, defining the monitoring period, selecting technological tools, analyzing and presenting results as well as suggestions for improvement. A sample of 14 representatives from the provinces of Zone 3 (Tungurahua, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo and Pastaza) were selected from a national population of 137 elected assembly members. Quantitative and qualitative technological tools were used for measurement, such as: Keyhole, Fanpagekarma, Followerwonk, Metricspot and Nvivo.

Author(s): Patricio Medina-Chicaiza, María Fernanda Iza-Cabay,Carlos Beltrán-Ávalos


MENOPAUSAL SYMPTOMS AND FACTORS AFFECTING IT: A SAMPLE OF TURKISH WOMEN

Volume 74, Sep 2018
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess menopausal symptoms and factors affecting it for Turkish women. This descriptive and cross-sectional survey was performed in Adana, Turkey. The study was conducted with a total of 280 women aged between 40–65 years. The data was collected with the personal information form and the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Data analysis included determining the percentage, arithmetic average, Kruskal–Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, t test, and analysis of variance. In the study it was determined that the average age of the participants were 54.65 ± 6.90 years. The mean score of total MRS was 20.22 ± 10.11. The mean scores of; somatic symptom subscale was 3.94 ± 2.11, psychological symptom subscale was 11.54 ± 6.01, and the urogenital symptom subscale was 4.74 ± 3.72. It was found that the women experienced hot flushes/sweating (51.4%), irritability symptoms (40%), muscle and joint problems (37.1%), and sexual problems at a severe level to very severe level (34.3%). It was also deduced that women did not perceive menopause as a natural process, because they feel that menopause made them lose their femininity. Age, education level, working status, marital status, income status, smoking behavior, exercise, number of pregnancies, and knowledge about menopause statistically affected the total MRS scores of women. These results showed that women experienced severe menopausal symptoms\\r\\nKeywords: menopause, MRS, psychological, somatic, uro-genital symptoms.

Author(s): Evsen Nazik, Sevban Arslan, Seda Karacay Yikar, Hakan Nazik, Funda Ozdemir, Serap Apay


DOMINANT MENTAL STATEAS THE FACTOR OF SATISFACTION WITH LIFE IN THE NORTH

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.10
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Abstract: The article deals with the dominant mental state as a factor of overall satisfaction with life. The results of field research carried out in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) are presented. The social and psychological research sample group consisted of a total 264 people 18 to 59 years of age. Subjective psychological well-being includes two components: a) emotional - the dominant mental state; and b) cognitive - the subjective assessment of the basic parameters of life. The methodological toolkit for measuring the dominant mental state and satisfaction with the quality of life included the methods of socio-psychological diagnosis (questionnaire method, scaling assessment): L.V. Kulikov's method of diagnosing the mental state and N.E. Vodopianova's modified questionnaire "Assessment of the level of satisfaction with the quality of life". The results were processed using mathematical processing methods: the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rs), the Fisher angular transform (?), the Kruskal-Wallis H test. In general, the respondents are dominated by a positive mental state, the life events taking place are perceived on a favorable emotional background. The women demonstrate higher indexes of activity, inner concentration, optimistic attitude to life, readiness for overcoming difficulties, and confidence in their capabilities, energy, and readiness for work, than that of men. This pattern is also observed in the respondents of mature age and in those residing in the city. Decreased emotional baseline is observed in men, young people and rural residents. In all parameters, respondents mainly showed average scores within the norm: 45.75 on the scale of active-passive attitude to the life situation; 49 on the cheerfulness-despondency scale; 47.56 on the high-low tone scale; 50.07 on the relaxation-tension scale; 50.31 on the calmness-anxiety scale; 50.61 on the scale of stability-instability of emotional tone; 51.67 on the scale of satisfaction-dissatisfaction with life as a whole (its course, self-realization processes); 50.17 on the scale of positive-negative image of oneself. The results of our study demonstrate not only a positive dominant mental state, but also an increase in insensitivity of a significant part of the population of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) to housing and material problems, as well as a decrease in resistance to manifestations of social insecurity. It is indicative of an increase in anxiety with age, which confirms a sense of insecurity in the elderly. It is also very characteristic that there is an active denial, an unwillingness to discuss social problems, especially those related to governance deficiencies. As a result of blocking the open expression of dissatisfaction, the problem moves "into the sphere of the unconscious" of society, which can lead to increased tension and further escalation of discontent. The mental state of the population is relatively stable and stable in this time period, due to actual satisfaction of primary needs. Keywords: dominant mental state, life satisfaction, life, subjective well-being, material resources, quality of life.

Author(s): Tuyaara Sidorova, Agrafena Makarova


ALGEBRA IN TEXTBOOKS: A COMPARISON OF SOUTH AFRICAN\r\nAND ANGOLAN TEXTBOOKS

Volume 74, Sep 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.9.5
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Abstract: This study compares the algebra sections in three textbooks, one South African grade 9, one South African grade 10, and one Angolan grade 10 textbook. The comparison is fourfold. First, I compare the textbooks in terms of topics. Second, I compare the distribution of the text on explanations, examples and exercises. Third, I use the levels of understanding of algebraic expressions suggested by Sfard and Linchevski (1994) to interrogate progression and consistency of the texts. And finally, I look at the number of steps required to move from task to solution in the examples and exercises, providing a different measure of progression. The data shows that the Angolan textbook has more explanations than the South African textbooks, and far fewer exercises. However, the progression both in terms of levels of understanding of algebraic expressions and in terms of the number of steps required to solve tasks is swifter in the Angolan textbook. Also, there is less focus on symbol manipulation in the Angolan textbook. Though much depends on the ways in which textbooks are used in the classroom, this suggests that the Angolan textbook offers the learners more opportunities to learn.

Author(s): Vimolan Mudaly, Isabel Pedro


ROLE OF HARDWARE STARTUPS IN FACILITATING ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR KIDS: SURVEY OF HARDWARE PRODUCTS

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.6
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Abstract: The current trend in the world of technology is Ubiquitous Computing, known also as Internet of Things (IoT), boosted by an easier accessibility to internet. Soon, every daily life object will embed a small computer, these different devices will communicate between each other and adapt themselves to make human life as comfortable as possible. However, for a full implementation of these devices, a prototyping step is required to validate the concept, this is where new challenges arise: technical knowledge are required, especially electronics and programming skills. In this context, several efforts have been made to reduce the skill gap and open the prototyping world to everyone, including kids. Many of these efforts have resulted in hardware startups that manufactures devices targeted to non-experts peoples and allow kids also to learn the basic concepts of electronics and Computer Science at an early age. This paper presents an overview of these developed hardware products and evaluates their advantages, limitations and impact on education. The authors present in this paper their own initiative to build a prototyping platform, the proposed solution aims to facilitate for kids the process of building a robotic system and program it without technical knowledge.

Author(s): Slim Chtourou, Mohamed Kharrat, Nader Ben Amor, Mohamed Jallouli, Mohamed Abid


THE CHANGING COMMUNICATION BEHAVIORAL ON STUDENT OF KARO ETHNIC IN YOGYAKARTA

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.7
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Abstract: This research paper was proposed to investigate the behavioral medication as a result of interethnic interaction between Karo and Javanese who complete their study in Yogyakarta, which is known as the student’s city. The researcher identified positive effect in acculturation for corresponding interethnic relation will be possibly constructed in Indonesia if we all willing to tolerate facing the diversity. This was a descriptive qualitative research; data collected through interview, observation and literature study. Research subjects composed of students of Atma Jaya Yogyakarta University and participated in Batak Christian-Protestant Church (GBKP). Data collecting technique that used were unstructured –observation, in-depth interview, document study and ethnography. The results took from the pattern of behavioral modification on a student of Batak-Karo student following stay in Yogyakarta and adapted Yogyakarta environment. The study found social relationship between Batak Karo and Javanese ethnic in Yogyakarta, it was seen from a social interaction relationship between those two ethnics didn’t arise many conflicts. People around Karo student’s neighborhood, can be easily influenced student’s thought pattern and attitude to do the change little by little and unwittingly it would enter their mind to be able to adapt with new environment. The behavioral modification on student of Karo ethnic who stay in Yogyakarta for study produce the acculturation. The acculturation of Karo students and Javanese cultural in Yogyakarta encourage sympathy and empathy attitude in daily life. Those sympathy attitude is something that needed by our nation to create social harmony.\r\n\r\nKeywords: changing communication behavioral, ethnic identity, karo\r\n

Author(s): Puji Lestari

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LOGICAL THINKING AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MBEYA, TANZANIA

Volume 74, Sep 2018
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Abstract: among secondary school students, the present study aimed at assessing the gender differences in logical thinking among secondary school students in Mbeya, Tanzania. The sample of the investigation comprised 66 secondary school students selected from a private school in the City of Mbeya, Tanzania owned and managed by the author of this study. The participants were administered the Group Assessment Logical Thinking (GALT) Test consisting of ten multiple answers. For each correct response, a score of one point was awarded, thus making a sum score of ten points. A chi-square was employed for determining gender differences in means for male and female respondents who passed and those who did not pass. The results showed that the gender difference was statistically significant, in favour of female respondents who outperformed male respondents in logical thinking: χ2 (1df, N66=51.8, p< 0.001.

Author(s): Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda

NEURAL THERAPY FOR PROMPT RELIEF OF RENAL COLIC

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.9
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Abstract: Introduction: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neural therapy, which is regional intracutaneous injection of low concentration local anestesic, in the pain relief treatment of renal colic. Materials and methods: Fourtynine patients with renal colic were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 were treated with neural therapy and patients in group 2 were treated with conventional therapy. In group 2, conventional therapy was diclofenac sodium 100 mg and hyocine N butyl bromide 10 mg parenterally. In group 1, intradermal injections were applied to segmental and painful areas. Local anesthetic solution had included 0,3% lidocaine HCl and saline. The severity of pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) system before (0) and 1, 10 and 15 minutes after the injection. Results: Pretreatment mean VAS was 8.47�0.9 in gruop 1 and 8.29�1.8 in group, respectively. After neural therapy (group 1), mean VAS suddenly reduced to 3.78 at 1st minute and increased slowly to 4.72 at 10th minute, 5.56 at 15th minute. There were not any side effects and any complications after neural therapy. Conventional therapy (group 2) slowly reduced VAS, which was 7.88 at 1st minute, 7 at 10th minute and 4.18 at 15th minute. Conclusion: Neural therapy is a fast, effective, safe and easy applicable treatment modality fort the management of acute renal colic. The advantage of neural therapy is that it provides prompt relieve from acute severe painful conditions such as renal colic. Key Words: renal colic, neural therapy, visual analog scale

Author(s): Oguz Ergin

INFINITY: BETWEEN DIVINITY, TIME, AND ETERNITY

Volume 74, Sep 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.9.1
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Abstract: In following in the footsteps of the idea of infinity it will be shown that assigning a divine status to it accompanied the idea of infinity in early Greek philosophy. Yet, subsequently it was followed up by a dialectical process slowly moving in the direction of a de-divinization of infinity. This process initially shied away from describing God as infinite (in the sense of being unlimited), for the question was how would God be able to engage in self-contemplation if God�s essence is infinite? However, Plotinus, Gregory of Nyssa and Augustine started to differentiate between a succession of numbers (accessible to human beings) and observing such an infinite multiplicity all at once, without any before and after (a capacity ascribed to God only). Much later Maimon continues this legacy, for he assigns the successive infinite to a finite mind and the at once infinite to an absolute mind. Wittgenstein captures the heritage of eternity as the timeless present in his own way when he remarks that if eternity does not mean infinite temporal duration but timelessness, then eternal life belongs to those who live in the present. The distinction between the successive infinite and the at once infinite in a certain sense also characterizes the difference between the two mathematicians Cantor and Weyl. The former does acknowledge the mathematical status of both the successive infinite and at once infinite, but then introduces the absolute infinite which belongs to God. Since he rejects the mathematical employment of the at once infinite, Weyl reserves the actual infinite for God. Yet, Weyl is certainly correct in characterizing mathematics as the science of the infinite. While the axiomatization of mathematics succeeded in avoiding the antinomies G�del has shown (in 1931) that consistency entails incompleteness. Consequently, Hilbert had to acknowledge that the insight of consistency is rather to be attained by intuitive reasoning which is based on evidence and not on axioms. Infinity will always occupy a central position in mathematics and it will constantly prompt mathematicians to account for the difference between the successive infinite and the at once infinite in terms of the interconnections between number and space.

Author(s): Danie Strauss

MANAGEMENT OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-TECH SECTORS OF RUSSIAN INDUSTRY ON THE BASIS OF FORECASTING

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.5
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Abstract: This article proposes a new methodological approach to managing the development of industries with low innovation activity in the Russian economy. The study was conducted using statistical data of textile and clothing industry. The innovative activity of the textile and garment industry is only 7%. The authors assessed the external factors influencing the innovation activity of enterprises of the textile and garment industry. The correlation model is constructed and the actual main factors influencing innovative activity of the enterprises are revealed. Built a regression model of the dependence of the level of innovation activity of enterprises of the textile and garment industry from the changes of external factors in the dynamics from 2005 to 2014. Built four versions of the script of changes of specific weight of innovative enterprises in the total number of enterprises of the textile and garment industry.

Author(s): Borscheva Natalia, Yulia Fedorova, Marina Glukhova, Egor Fedorov