Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.14
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Abstract: The world population continues to ageing rapidly and life expectancy is increasing. Sleep disturbances are common symptoms in the elderly and the prevalence of sleep problems increases with advancing age. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the sleep quality of elderly people dwelling in a rehabilitation centre. Methods: The study, which was planned in qualitative phenomenological method, was performed with 13 elderly people living in a rehabilitation centre located in the Cyprus. The study data were collected in face-to-face semi-structured interviews with the participants between 10 October and 10 November 2017. The data were then analysed by the researchers by classifying them on the basis of pre-determined themes which were subjected to validation after the study has been completed. Results: All of the elderly people stated that they experienced various sleep problems such as difficulty in falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night, inconstant sleeping hours, snoring, waking up at mid-night or early in the morning, experiencing pain during the night, frequent urination during the night, having nightmare, difficulty in inspiration and coughing, feeling of extreme cold or extreme warm at night. All of the participants stated that they felt sleepy during the day due to sleep disturbances. Conclusion: Assessment of sleep quality and planning of the care to keep a good sleep quality are important to improve elderly peoples’ life quality.

Author(s): Umran DAL YILMAZ, Nurhan BAYRAKTAR


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.11
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Abstract: This current research explores the concept of forensic linguistics from the perspective of translator training. Legal translation is a specialized discipline that represents one of the most frequently needed disciplines in the profession of translation, especially with the proliferation of multi-national organizations. The sensitivity of the area and the possible nefarious consequences grave mistakes can have make the related issues of training and competence more prominent than in other areas of expertise. The research adopts a threefold approach using the theoretical classification of legal translation typology, the nature and characteristics of legal language, and the exploration of legal translation difficulties to tackle the issue of legal translation equivalence. Using this theoretical framework, it analyzes exam scripts involving the translation of authentic legal texts. Research findings indicate that the structure of legal texts and the related issues of semantics and pragmatics coupled with cultural differences as well as differences in legal systems and laws call for more exhaustive efforts that teachers of translation and translator training programmes need to deploy. It then advocates what has been termed ad hoc knowledge acquisition, focusing on expanding students’ corpus-knowledge in terms of concepts and lexicon which are related to the field of law.

Author(s): Soufiane Blidi


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.7
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Abstract: English language proficiency levels (ELPLs) in the Omani context of higher education, as well as similar contexts in the Gulf, and MENA region, is an issue of great concern. IELTS diagnosis tests were conducted with graduates of several Faculty of Language Studies at Sohar University, Oman, indicate that the average IELTS score upon completion of the GFP and on admission onto the degree programmes is around 4.0. The current research aims to address the ELPLs in the productive skills of Speaking and Writing, exploiting one interesting feature in learners in the Omani context: group-directedness. Omani students are strongly interdependent and have an evident preference to form and act from within groups for the feeling of security and confidence group belonging. This preference stems from the sense of security, safety and confidence group belonging offers. It is the absence of this sense, coupled with other intrinsic and extrinsic factors, that hinders learners’ involvement and self-confidence building and results in low ELPLs. Research findings indicate that the optimization of students’ group-oriented tendency in out-of-class activities had a positive impact on the productive skills of Speaking and Writing. They show that students’ engagement in self-directed and group-oriented autonomous and collaborative learning activities (ACLA) improved their language proficiency, enhanced their involvement, and developed in them positive attitudes to learning. The research advocates the availing of such learning opportunities as an efficient means addressing students’ low ELPLs.

Author(s): Soufiane Blidi, Abdelkader Chaou, Ahmed Al Ajmi


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.9
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Abstract: Abstract Background: Though seen as a convenient method of carrying books and other scholastic materials including food items, schoolbags are believed to contribute to back pain and other muscle problems in school going children. Purpose: This study was performed with the aim of identifying the states of carrying a bag and muscle pain pain in primary school pupils Study Desing: Descriptive study Methods: This study was performed as a descriptive study. Data were collected using a socio-demographic data form, the Self-Assessment Pain Scale (SAPS), Faces Pain Rating Scale and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results: The bag weight/body weight ratio of 83.6% of the pupils was 0.11 and 56.8% of pupils had reported pain associated with carrying a schoolbag. The face pain score average in pupils whose bag weight/body weight ratio is 0.11 and over was higher and statistically more significant, when compared with those with a body weight ratio of 0.10 and below. Conclusions: The results suggest that the recommended weight limits may not be appropriate for school children in primary school, and that guidelines ought to consider factors other than relative schoolbag weight that influence the use of schoolbags in this age group.

Author(s): Kemal Macit Hisar, Dilek Cingil


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.2
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Abstract: The healthcare system in South Africa encounters a human resources calamity, as a result of the huge �brain drain� from the public sector and, inadequate funding. The influx of medical practitioners into the private sector is of utmost concern to both the government and the general public. The South African public healthcare sector is faced with the challenge of retaining health workers in the appropriate area of need. This study aims to identify the factors that are responsible for the migration of medical doctors from the public to the private sector and make recommendations that can foster retention. A total of 115 medical doctors, drawn using simple random sampling, participated in this study. The study used both qualitative and quantitative approaches to ensure a detailed analysis and reach an encircling supposition. They were supported by three research tools: semi-structured in-depth interviews, document review, and a survey. Data collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews were analysed using the thematic analysis method while content analysis was used to evaluate data collected through documentary method. Data collected via the use of questionnaires was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings from this study revealed that employee relations policy is the key reason why medical doctors seek employment in the private sector. The inability of some doctors to gain employment with the public sector due to the moratorium on employment was also identified as a reason they seek solace in the private sector. In order to foster the retention of doctors in the public sector, various strategies are recommended such as embracing a total reward approach, talent management planning, succession planning and lifting of the moratorium on employment.

Author(s): Sanjana Brijball Parumasur, Joyce Adefunke Ayeni


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.18
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Abstract: This article presents the results of a psycholinguistic experiment. Through the instrumentality of semantic scaling, ethnic stereotypes regarding 30 nationalities, ethnic groups and ethnicities, formed in the everyday consciousness of young people, have been revealed. It was defined which ethnonyms were named ones own by the Russians and the Sakha, and which were rated as alien, as well as which ethnic stereotypes are negative and can cause misunderstanding or interethnic, intercultural conflicts.

Author(s): Nikaeva Tatiana, Tarabukina Marfa


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.17
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Abstract: In this research paper, a study focused on the formation of the male teacher in preschool education was made; promoting the equality of rights and opportunities towards the construction of equalitarian relationships. Besides, the social representations in the male figure as an alumni of the preschool educations professional practice. In the employed methodology, the field procedure stood up by making relations with the reality through a systematic analysis to explain causes and effects. The research is qualitative where the guideline interviews stand out; being carried as its instruments the questions script and the question bank, which yielded the elaboration of a document that relates the study variables related to the formation of the male teacher in preschool education. In the levels of research, an explicative type was used which suited the approach to the research phenomenon. The descriptive focus allowed to obtain systematic data and the variable association. As final results, it can be mentioned that male students on one hand feel comfortable towards the activities that belong to their professional profile, on the other one, frustrations were expressed related to the reactions and prejudices of the environment in which preschool education has been carried out.

Author(s): Daniela Benalcazar, David Pico, Mayra Barrera, Maria Cristina Paez, Ruth Infante, Carolina San Lucas, Elena Rosero


Volume 74, Mar 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.3.16
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Abstract: Mobile agent (MA) offers a great deal of flexibility in distributed computing environment spiced by fault tolerance (FT), a capability that ensure MAs execution is uninterrupted and continue in operation despite node, link or agent failures. There are several MAFT strategies that have been proposed and developed with the design goal of ensuring agents reliability during execution. However, each of these strategies has its own strengths and weaknesses, given resource utilization as well as compliance to MAs execution properties of exactly-once and non-blocking. Therefore, this paper discusses an in-depth design analysis on existing MAFT strategies and mechanism that have been proposed and developed to ensure MA is fault tolerant in distributed computing environment. The rationale is to identify a FT technique which is reliable with suitable mechanisms to supports FT a resource constraint domain. To achieve this, we performed literature survey on fourteen (14) peer reviewed articles that discussed MAFT and several important FT parameters were used to evaluate each approach considered. Findings were presented and discussed which shows that the Chameleon FT approach offers a flexible and adaptive FT mechanisms to deal with several types of faults in unreliable networks and supports engineering and re-engineering. With this findings, we believe the approaches fault detection and recovery mechanisms can be adopted to design and develop a resourceful FT strategy in software defined wireless sensors network.

Author(s): Bassey Isong, Ishmael Mathebula, Nosipho Dladlu


Volume 74, Feb 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.2.13
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Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is common in indoor athletes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in futsal players before and after wintertime and to analyse the relationship between lower limb skeletal muscle strength. Serum 25(OH)D levels together with other markers of bone metabolism were investigated at two time points in 19 professional futsal players (mean age 20.5 � 1.27 year; height 165.35 � 4.73 cm; weight 56.6 � 5.51 kg). Total 25(OH)D concentrations were quantified using IDS-iSYS (IDS plc, Boldon, UK). Serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone were measured by immunoassay. Serum calcium and phosphorus were evaluated by clinical biochemistry. Concentric quadriceps and hamstring strength were measured using a Biodex System 3 Dynamometer at angular velocities 60, 180 and 300 degrees xs(-1). The average vitamin D level was 20.03�5.75 ng/ml on November, 2016 and 14.19�4.48 ng/ml on April, 2017 among players. Serum 25(OH)D levels decreased (p= 0.000) in April (14.19�4.48 ng/ml, ranging from 7.0 to 24.6 ng/ml) compared to November (20.03�5.75 ng/ml, ranging from 7.14 to 29.6 ng/ml) . Isokinetic testing demonstrated significant decreases between November and April in concentric right and left hamstrings peak torque at angular velocities 180 and 300 degrees xs(-1), respectively. Concentric right hamstring total work significantly decreased both at angular velocities 180 and 300 degrees xs(-1). According to our results, vitamin D deficiency seems to have an effect upon concentric isokinetic knee flexion after winter.

Author(s): Serap Colak, Belgin BAMAC, Serap COLAK, Tuncay COLAK, Ceyla ERALDEMIR, Enis COLAK, Nihan SU, Hale MARAL KIR, Rabia TASDEMIR, Elif AKSU, Murat SON


Volume 74, Jan 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.1.17
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Abstract: The article outlines the role of the state social policy in the context of the profound transformation of society, emphasizes the importance of developing a new model of social policy to ensure the social well-being of the population. The article presents an overview of features of the implementation of social policy in Russia and foreign countries. The role of state regulation of the social sphere for the market economy is indicated. The statistical data of the basic socio-economic indicators in Russia are provided, the analysis of links between the social phenomenon – poverty, income inequality and economic growth is presented. Political and economic stability will be ensured subject to a developed social policy. The article stipulates that effective socio-economic regulation and successful activities of the state in the social sphere are conditions for economic growth. The formation of a new social policy in Russia is the most urgent; therefore, the search for new effective socio-economic mechanisms will allow for the equal consideration of the interests of all parties to social partnership – the state, business and the population. The article examines the main problems in the social sphere, indicates the need to introduce new effective measures to use the mechanisms aimed at improving the social well-being of the population, growth in prosperity, the quality of life and the development of the national human potential. The main task of the state is the implementation of an effective set of social and economic policies, based on social justice and equal start, the advancement of society towards the formation of a new market economy for the benefit of all sectors of society that can serve as the motivational basis for economic growth. The functioning of the social state is possible on the basis of the developed economy that is oriented towards all sectors of society; possible ways of developing the social policy are identified. The article proposes measures aimed at increasing public welfare, improving the quality of life of the population, providing citizens with basic social guarantees.

Author(s): Zyablitskaya Natalia Viktorovna, Borshchenyuk Vera Nikolaevna, Popova Alyona Yurievna