INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MARRIAGE ADJUSTMENT, PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT, ACCEPTANCEREJECTION LEVELS AND SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTHERS WITH CHILDREN AFFECTED BY INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

Volume 77, Oct 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.10.2
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Abstract: This study aims to examine the relationship between marital adjustment, perceived social support, acceptance-rejection levels, and socio-demographic characteristics of mothers with intellectually disabled children. In the study, data were collected using the Marriage Adjustment Scale (MAS), the Revised Parent Social Support Scale (R-PASS), and the Parental Acceptance Rejection Scale (PARS). The study group of the research was the mothers of 191 individuals who received special education and were affected by intellectual disability. According to the results of the research, while the marital adjustment of mothers with children with intellectual disabilities does not differ significantly according to the age of the mothers, their employment status, and the income level of the family differ significantly according to the educational status of the mothers. Social support perceptions of mothers with children with intellectual disabilities do not show a significant difference according to their employment status and educational status. On the other hand, the only information support, which is a sub-dimension of social support, differs according to the age of the mothers, but social support differs significantly according to the income level of the family. The acceptance-rejection levels of mothers with children with intellectual disabilities do not show a significant difference according to their employment status and income level of the family. On the other hand, it differs according to the age and educational status of the mothers. The results obtained will help the studies on families in special education. The research results are discussed in the light of similar studies.

Author(s): Erkan EFILTI, Mustafa DIKER


THE IMPACT OF FAKE NEWS ON HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS’ REPUTATION DURING THE COVID 19 OUTBREAK

Volume 77, Oct 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.10.1
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Abstract: Health organizations face several challenges including economic crisis, new patients’ demands and fake news. These companies resort to corporate communication initiatives to protect their brands and this way reinforce their strategic positionings. Since the Covid 19 outbreak started in 2020, many of these organizations have been accused of lying concerning masks, vaccines or side effects. This literature review paper aims to analyse how quality information is a priority for health organizations interested in building a reputed brand. To do that, we carried out a literature review about health communication (interpersonal, internal, and external initiatives), health education, post-truth and fake news; we analysed some fake news spread since December 2019 concerning the Covid 19 outbreak, as well as their impact on health organizations’ reputation; and, finally, we proposed a Decalogue for these organizations on how to implement corporate communication strategies for facing fake news. We concluded that these organizations should prioritize a corporate communication approach, promote research on communication and establish multidisciplinar teams integrated by expert in communication and public health.

Author(s): Pablo Medina Aguerrebere, Lakhdar Chadli, Eva Medina


SOME MAJOR COMPONENTS OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF EUCALYPTUS AS A NATURAL FUNGICIDE

Volume 77, Aug 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.8.7
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Abstract: This study targets the antifungal activity of the major components extracted from the leaves of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, which was carried out by a steam distillation method and tested the antifungal activity on three types of fungal strains: Fusarium sporotrichioides, Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium langsethiae. As for the chemical composition of the essential oil of the leaves of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, it has been proven that the essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis is rich of several chemical compounds, the most important of them are: (Benzèn 1-methyl-4- (1-methylethyl), Pinene, cinéole and Sabinène). The essential oils were extracted by water distillation. Eucalyptus oil extracts were tested at different concentrations (2.5, 5, 10 and 20 μl). Results showed that the major components of the essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis have a strong fungal activity. And the results obtained during this study open up horizons for investing in these natural aromatic oils.

Author(s): Mehani Mouna, Mehani Insaf, Mahdid Mohamed, Lasgaa Asma, Rezgui cheima, Salhi Nasrine, ÖKSÜZ Abdullah, Segni Ladjel, Morcia Catarina, Terzi Valeria, Muhammad Akram


DEFINING CLIMATE-SMART LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES FOR SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN BAC KAN PROVINCE, VIETNAM

Volume 77, Aug 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.8.5
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Abstract: This research aims to develop locally appropriate climate-resilient livelihood strategies for smallholder farmers in a northern mountainous province of Vietnam. The study was conducted during October 2019 – April 2020 in Bac Kan province and Cho Don district using a mixed method via desktop studies; field surveys with relevant stakeholders from provincial to commune levels and 100 farmers in 2 climate-vulnerable communes; workshops and focus group discussions (FGD) among experience farmers and stakeholder representatives. As a result, 13 potential climate resilient production models and practices have been identified, and 3 intertwined strategies have been formulated in order to achieve the defined goal of improved climate resilience and household income for the studied location. Practical recommendations on implementation and future research directions are also discussed in this paper.

Author(s): Tuan M. Ha, Huong Hoang, Long Ha, Viet Duong, Huong Pham, Hung Lieu, Huyen Khuat


LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT ON READING SKILLS: A DEFICIT EMANATING FROM COVID 19 IMPROPER PRIMARY SCHOOLING CONTACT TIMES

Volume 77, Oct 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.10.3
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Abstract: Learners demonstrated difficulties when reading activities were conducted. The same learners displayed some difficulties when expected to pronounce simple English words. Reading seems to be an overwhelming task for most primary school learners, especially during times when they were expected to alternate attendance as categorised groups. This study explored how the recent format of schooling attendance in primary schools, due to COVID19 pandemic regulations, had an effect on English language development, particularly reading, as one of the major components underpinning language enhancement, furthermore, English being a foreign language for the learners in the schools investigated. A case study design used in this qualitative investigation helped the authors of this paper to study complex phenomena in relation to the problem explored. From the Eastern Cape Education district that was studied, conveniently selected five primary school teachers became participants of the study. Semi-structured interviews as data collection procedures revealed that restricted exposure to a wide range of reading resources when learners are denied access to attend schooling for some particular days, had the most effect on deteriorating reading enhancement in learners. As a way of concluding and recommending, language teachers have a task to ensure they supply all diverse users, this cohort being primary school learners, with all the necessary reading material for access even when out of school. By so doing, there would be an instilled culture of reading more so that well developed reading abilities are essential for learner success coupled with improved academic performance. \n \nKeywords: foreign language, reading, development, pandemic, teaching, contact time

Author(s): Bulelwa Makena

PHILOSOPHICAL AND LEGAL OVERVIEW OF POST-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

Volume 77, Jun 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.6.4
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Abstract: The relevance of the philosophical and legal analysis of the digitalization of post-industrial society is of particular civilizational importance in the post-pandemic world. The article examines the technogenic society through the prism of philosophical and legal knowledge, generalized by the example of modern and historical scientific thought. The authors reveal the importance and relevance of technological and digital transformations for modern social development. As a result of their research, the authors come to the conclusion that in a post-industrial society, a technological and digital breakthrough leads to the emergence of new risks and threats to the socio-cultural sphere of a modern post-pandemic society. The results of the study of negative and positive trends and the associated risks of post-industrial society are considered to be of great interest for further research and expansion of global scientific knowledge.

Author(s): Yerazak Manapovich Tileubergenov, Bagdat Saginganovna Rakhmetulina, Sergei Igorevich Pelevin, Alexey Mikhailovich Vasiliev


ENHANCING ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY THROUGH LEARNING STYLES CENTERED ON A PERCEPTION OF MIGRATING FROM FACE-TO-FACE TO REMOTE ONLINE LEARNING CULTURE: A CASE OF A RURAL SOUTH AFRICAN UNIVERSITY

Volume 77, Aug 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.8.3
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Abstract: This paper presents the results of a comparative investigation into learners’ learning styles which have an influence on declining English proficiency as perceived during the era of shifting from face to face to remote virtual learning. The objectives of the study were to identify whether there were significant differences in the learners’ learning styles, based on their achievement levels in English language as this is one of the courses underpinning university curriculum offered. Participants in the study were five English language teachers who were randomly selected from a rural South African University. The survey as a research design enabled the researcher to identify whether or not learning styles had an influence on the decline in English proficiency. Data collected through the use of questionnaires was analysed and coded using labels, values and data types. The findings revealed a need to embark on appropriate and consistent communication in English between teachers and learners when engaging in an online platform, as well as taking into consideration that learners prefer varying learning styles. Further, the study recommends that, approaches such as reading newspapers and books written in English language, working as groups and using various language learning styles, can yield better results in English acquisition during this migration period.

Author(s): Bulelwa Makena, Ntando Mpahla


PROMOTING ACADEMICS’ CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL LEARNING THROUGH A PEDAGOGY OF DISCOMFORT

Volume 77, Sep 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.9.5
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Abstract: Promoting the continuous professional learning of university academics is key to the enhancement of student success in higher education (HE) and therefore a defensible practice. It is a practice that is predicated on the understanding that there is an inextricable link between student success and academic staff competence. Consequently, universities across the world have and continue to initiate various staff development programmes that are meant to enhance the competencies of academics as facilitators of learning. This concept paper examines how academics’ continuous professional learning can be enhanced through a practical framework known as the pedagogy of discomfort. The framework refers to a process that disrupts established and cherished practices in teaching and learning. The article explores how the pedagogy of discomfort can be nurtured through community of practices (CoPs) so as to raise the profile of teaching and learning. Examples are drawn from a new comprehensive university in South Africa. The article is derived from the author’s teaching experience in HE as well as current local and international literature and journal articles on academics’ professional learning. The main contention articulated is that academics need to invite their peers on a regular basis to critique and question their current teaching practices and ways of doing things as a means of invigorating their competences.

Author(s): Severino Machingambi

MULTILINGUALISM: IMPACT AND TEACHER PERSPECTIVES AS OPPOSED TO LANGUAGE LEARNING

Volume 77, Sep 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.9.4
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Abstract: This paper argues that many schools cannot easily address language diversity through multilingual education. Application of varying modes of delivery in a multilingual classroom, in many schools, more so to vast numbers of home language learners who are expected to learn an additional language not familiar to them, becomes a difficult adventure for teachers offering languages. The survey conducted by authors in selected schools from one of the education districts in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa, discovered a number of difficulties encountered by some language teachers and their pursuit of teaching learners in multilingual classrooms. In this article, questionnaires were administered to ten language teachers. Through interventions by the authors, participants were then required to contend whether there were any significant impacts of multilingual education with regards to language learning. Findings divulge that learners who received multilingual education were observed to be expressing a more encouraging attitude to language learning. Therefore, we recommend observance of some strategies to address challenges experienced in multilingual classrooms. Strategies recommended are aligned with language diversity and school policy imperatives. Finally, learning various languages is perceived as a social advantage that could improve communication amongst people from numerous cultures, as South Africa is a country noted for its distinctive characteristic of being a diverse cultural environment.

Author(s): BULELWA MAKENA, NTANDO MPAHLA


REVIEW OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON RICE PRODUCTION IN THE MEKONG DELTA OF VIETNAM, RESPONSES AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.5
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Abstract: Climate change creates significant impacts on agricultural production in Vietnam, particularly rice production in the Mekong Delta, the largest rice production region of the country. This study aims to advance understanding of the impacts of climate change on rice production in the Mekong Delta through desktop studies of literature, followed by discussions of relevant response options and specific recommendations to climate change adaptation in the research area. This research has identified four major responses to climate change, namely, technological developments, farm production actions, farm financial strategies, and government support programs. The local context was analyzed to provide appropriate strategies towards climate-resilient farming communities in the Mekong Delta. The recommendations are also relevant to many disaster-prone production regions in the country.

Author(s): Duong Hong Viet, Ha Minh Tuan, Khuat Thi Thanh Huyen, Chu Thi Tho