AZERBAIJANI LITERARY LANGUAGE OF THE 17th CENTURY: THE SOCIO-POLITICAL CONTENT AND LANGUAGE OF THE ERA

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.14
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Abstract: Abstract. The article reveals the socio-political content of the XVII century. Both dependence on foreigners and the influence of internal tensions between tribes on the political life of the Safavid state are investigated. In such historical circumstances, the cultural environment is also based on sources that have not yet been identified. Under such circumstances, a description of the language is given. In particular, during the period of the Shah Abbas (during the rule of other shahs), attitudes toward the Turkish language are expressed in contradictory ideas. It has been established that the stage of the XVII century literary language is not a way out, but history as a turning point. This is proved, on the one hand, by scientific data, as well as facts about language. As a result of the research, it turns out that the language policy that underlies the existence of the state and the nation is carried out in the direction of Turkic rule in the 17th century. The article contains the rich language of the real world, including the introduction of the Turkish language in the history of the 17th century Azerbaijani literary language, the decline of the Persian language (including the accompanying Arabic language), the destruction of cults, as well as the intensification of new processes, such as differentiation, stabilization and democratization examples. In the 17th century, as in all periods of the history of the Azerbaijani literary language or at all stages of historical development, the process of defining a literary language and defining different styles (charming, scientific, official epistolary) took place. Style plays a significant role in relationships. In volume, the rate is determined in style and appears. As a result, it is noted that the 17th century very dynamically develops phonetic, lexical and grammatical norms in the direction of nationalization. The development of literary language, of course, all levels of language are available. But what if you want to translate it into one language? The real fact, which is obvious, or hidden, or not, is voluminous in the volume, which is a lexical system, which leads to great changes. This does not mean that in other languages, such as the phonological system, the language is checked and the file is checked. All, that is, it is not so, but here is a breakthrough for change. This is not an idea or an idea of ignorance and ignorance, but there is no certainty that changes in language change. The truth is that everything that creates a change in the original of another phenomenon, which confirms the existence of legality. The definition of phonetic norms for a certain period of time (continent, period or phase) is contained in a volume that is one of the other publicly available versions of the phone in the language, and, in each other\'s eyes, by removing from one-dimensional parallels, stabilization in language and content. \nKeywords: Azerbaijani literary language, literary language norms, differentiation, stabilization, democratization, periods of literary language, socio-political and historical content, linguistic landscape, classical poetry genres, classical poetry, language, national language, folklore language, syllables, fairy tale, norm variability ...

Author(s): Abdullaeva Gizilgul Agali gizi

THE EXPERT ASSESSMENT OF AN EFFICIENT SYSTEM OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT FORMATION ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REGION

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.15
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Abstract: Based on the statement that the differentiation in the strategic positions of individual regions creates special conditions for the social processes, it is concluded that the systemic modernization aimed at the formation of civil society and pluralistic democracy, largely depends on the ability of each region to build effective principles of the organization of interaction of authorities and society. On the basis of the results of the expert evaluation, the main negative trends characterizing the state of the process of formation of the system of local self-government in the Kemerovo region are identified, as well as ways to improve its efficiency, ensuring the transformation of local self-government so that it meets the requirements of the social state and contributes to meeting the needs of citizens.

Author(s): Zabneva Elvira Ivanovna

CLINICAL EVALUATION OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE GRAFT IN THE TREATMENT OF SINGLE GINGIVAL RECESSION DEFECTS OF PATIENTS WITH THIN GINGIVAL BIOTYPE

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.2
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Abstract: Objectives: The connective tissue graft (CTG) is considered to be the most performed procedure in the treatment of gingival recession defects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of (CTG) in the treatment of Miller class I and II single gingival recession defects of patients with thin gingival biotype.Material and methods: 14 systemically healthy patients (8 females and 6 males); aged 30 to 55 years were treated. The clinical parameters plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), gingival thickness (GT), probing depth (PD), recession height (RH), recession width (RW), and amount of attached gingiva (AG) were recorded at baseline and re-measured at 6 months. Results: CTG procedure resulted in statistically significant decreases in PD, RH, RW, and increases in AG at 6 months (p<0.05). There was also a significant gain in the CAL (p<0.05). The mean percentage root coverage at the final evaluation was 95%.Conclusion: Within the limits of present study it can be concluded that CTG has favourable results in the treatment of Miller Class I and II single gingival recession defects of patients with thin gingival biotype.

Author(s): Eylem Ayhan Alkan

THE MODEL OF ADOPTION OF THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR THE TEACHING PROCESS - LEARNING: CASE UNIVERSIDAD TECNICA DE COTOPAXI

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.6
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Abstract: The present investigation framed in the development of an adoption Model of the TIC for the learning process education in the Technical University of Cotopaxi, specially to improve the university education, this owes for the constant advances in digital knowledge field and the educational technology, therefore the institutions must improve its academic organization and process them educational. In the last years the use of TIC has developed in the different education levels and specially in the universities that nowadays count with new technological resources much advanced in the particular case of the university in which the investigation is developing the study is, to improve the Educational Learning process implementing a new adoption model of TIC, with which it is possible to give solution to the educational process. There is realized a methodology of study based on the systematical Review of the literature of the models of the TIC citing as an example the first model that there appeared the Model TAM who was developed by Davis, 1986 and of the Web 2 and Web 3 and of the TIC in the Universities of the world. The investigation threw the results expected with the creation of the new model of adoption of TIC, with the use of collaborative hardware in a Learning environment (CLE) for making the constructs, alpha of cronbach, variance and interrelations and the use of statistical software as the minitab validated the raised hypotheses.

Author(s): Juan Carlos Chancusig Chisag, Javier Cruzado Gamboa


A MCDM MODEL DESIGN FOR HER2+ BREAST CANCER TREATMENT TECHNIQUE USING AHP METHOD

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.13
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Abstract: Purpose - The aim of this paper is to present a multi-criteria decision-making model in order to apply Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method for the selection of the best treatment technique for HER2+ breast cancer from two different treatment alternatives: Kadcyla and Lapatinib plus Capecitabine. The study analyzes the decision making process of oncologists when there are more than one alternative treatment techniques for them to choose.\\\\r\\\\nDesign/methodology/approach – Data are collected from oncologists by using an online survey after the literature review was carried out and interviews with a drug developer and oncologists were made. In order to analyze the decision making process of oncologists and the effectiveness of two drugs based on determined attributes, AHP method was used and the results were verified with TOPSIS and Weighted Product methods.\\\\r\\\\nFindings – In this paper, it is proven that Kadcyla is better in AHP model when compared to Lapatinib plus Capecitabine in terms of meeting the expectations of the oncologists while fighting against HER2+ breast cancer.\\\\r\\\\nResearch limitations/implications - The biggest limitation of the research seems to be a halo effect that the oncologists might be experiencing because one of the alternative drug combinations in the research is more frequently prescribed than the other one which could affect the subjectivity of the answers.\\\\r\\\\nOriginality/Value - This paper gives an insight about the factors that are taken into account when choosing the best cancer treatment technique and their significance level. It presents a model for identifying the most effective targeted drug combination. It will be useful for academicians, oncologists and drug developers in terms of a better understanding of the needs in cancer treatment

Author(s): Hatice Camgoz Akdag, Cagkan Alemdar, Eray Aydin


USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN AZERBAIJAN

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.8
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Abstract: ABSTRACT: The article deals with the issue of ICT application in the public administration system, especially in the public service. First of all, there is an appeal to world practice in this area. The system of public service of the advanced countries of the world considers the general situation of ICT use.\\nThe article consistently analyzes the work done in the field of ICT use in the public service in Azerbaijan. In this aspect, the study involves the steps taken in the field of legislation, the adopted government programs, strategies, and institutional measures. The article emphasizes that the use of ICT ensures the transparency, efficiency and efficiency of the activities of state bodies and public servants. In particular, all this becomes a reality with the introduction of e-government.\\nKey words: public service, innovations in the public service, ICT in the public service, public administration, e-government, ICT, Azerbaijan Republic.

Author(s): Gurbanova Gulnara

LIBERALNESS POTENTIAL OF the ECONOMIC MODELS (Comparative analysis of China and Azerbaijan)

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.3
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Abstract: In the article analyzed economic models as state�s model sharped intervention forms in economy. To measure these models there was used new methodology under name �index of leftness (rightness)of economy� that measures rates of state intervention in economy. By comparative analysis of China and Azerbaijan economic models the author concluded that the liberalization of Chinese economy in modern conditions does not have a positive impact on economic development, so there is a need to strengthen some model-shaping forms of intervention. As well as by some protectionist measures implemented in Azerbaijan in recent years has a negative impact on economic growth and the current state of the Azerbaijani economy is far below the level of \"optimal\" liberalization it can possess. Therefore, the economy of the country needs to be further liberalized.

Author(s): Mayis Gulaliyev, Samira Abasova;Ali Aga Ismayilzade, Shahin Bayramov, Elchin Mustafayev


MULTICULTURE IN A NEW CULTUROLOGICAL THINKING

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.7
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Abstract: Abstract. The article is devoted to some aspects of multiculturalism in the modern period of development of intercultural relations in society. It is noted that modern multiculturalism is now entering as a new culturological worldview. The article based on examples addresses some issues of the succession of cultural values and the influence of components of other cultures on it.\r\nKey words: multiculture, syncretism, pluralism, democracy, tolerance, symbiosis, minority, majority

Author(s): Khaleddin Sofiyev

INDEPENDENT MOBILITY AND CHILDREN’S AWARENESS OF SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE EARLY YEARS

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.15
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Abstract: This theoretical article discusses children�s independent mobility and their awareness of the social environment as they move around within their neighbourhood. Foundation Phase Life Skills as one of the subjects guides and prepares learners for life and its possibilities, including equipping learners for meaningful and successful living in a rapidly changing and transforming society. Through Life Skills learners are exposed to a range of knowledge, skills and values that strengthen their physical, social, personal, emotional and cognitive development. The subject raises awareness of social relationships in young children. These skill are essential to children as mobile beings who are granted licences to independent mobility. Using a Social Ecological Theory as an underpinning, this article explores and discusses children�s awareness of their environment and aspects that can pose risks to their lives as they move around independently. The article makes recommendations on how young learners can be assisted to be better prepared and fully aware of their social environment in order to curb risks involved in children�s independent mobility.

Author(s): Nontokozo

CONTOURS OF THE HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS: DIVERGING MATHEMATICAL SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.11
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Abstract: Although many people appreciate mathematics as a discipline exhibiting sound reasoning with a universal appeal, the mere fact that this academic discipline has a history shows that there must have been different and even clashing schools of thought present in it. Greek mathematics advanced under the Pythagorean flag of an �Arithmetica universalis� but soon switched to a spatial perspective owing to the discovery of irrational numbers as an effect of this first foundational crisis of mathematics. The second crisis centred in the limit concept which prompted mathematicians to employ the actual infinite. However, this move gave rise to the third foundational crisis when Russell and Zermelo discovered that Cantor�s set concept entailed antinomies. This caused the rise of the intuitionistic mathematics of Brouwer and his followers as well as the logicism of Frege, Dedekind and Russell. At once this brought Greek and medieval conceptions to the fore, such as the infinite divisibility of a continuum. The dominant understanding of infinity restricted its meaning to what Kant called the �successive infinite� (the potential infinite) � which can never be understood as an infinite totality given at once, i.e., as the at once infinite (actual infinite). However, restricting mathematics to the successive infinite gave rise to intuitionistic mathematics which arrived at results that find, according to Beth, �no counterpart in classical mathematics�. Hilbert followed Kant in accepting certain extralogical concrete objects which are intuited as directly experienced prior to all thinking. But although he accepts the successive infinite with Kant, Hilbert still wants to inhabit the paradise created for us by Cantor. At the background of Kant�s thought the tension between nature and freedom lurks, also surfacing in the distinction between �Ding-an-sich� and appearance. Interestingly, Hilbert made an appeal to Kant�s conception of transcendental ideas (concepts of reason) in order to justify his employment of the actual infinite (at once infinite). But he did not realize that Kant�s view of transcendental ideas entails the idea of infinite totalities. Hilbert had to use the at once infinite in order to justify the use of the at once infinite. The final irony of his firm belief that it would be possible to prove the consistency of mathematics, is found in the famous 1931 article of G�del on this issue. In 1946 Hermann Weyl remarked, with a ring to the successive infinite as embedded in human intuition: �It must have been hard on Hilbert, the axiomatist, to acknowledge that the insight of consistency is rather to be attained by intuitive reasoning which is based on evidence and not on axioms.� G�del has shown that a formal mathematical system is consistent or complete. Roos pointed out that Hilbert never recovered from this blow.

Author(s): Danie Strauss