PHILOSOPHICAL AND LEGAL OVERVIEW OF POST-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

Volume 77, Jun 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.6.4
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Abstract: The relevance of the philosophical and legal analysis of the digitalization of post-industrial society is of particular civilizational importance in the post-pandemic world. The article examines the technogenic society through the prism of philosophical and legal knowledge, generalized by the example of modern and historical scientific thought. The authors reveal the importance and relevance of technological and digital transformations for modern social development. As a result of their research, the authors come to the conclusion that in a post-industrial society, a technological and digital breakthrough leads to the emergence of new risks and threats to the socio-cultural sphere of a modern post-pandemic society. The results of the study of negative and positive trends and the associated risks of post-industrial society are considered to be of great interest for further research and expansion of global scientific knowledge.

Author(s): Yerazak Manapovich Tileubergenov, Bagdat Saginganovna Rakhmetulina, Sergei Igorevich Pelevin, Alexey Mikhailovich Vasiliev


REVIEW OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON RICE PRODUCTION IN THE MEKONG DELTA OF VIETNAM, RESPONSES AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.5
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Abstract: Climate change creates significant impacts on agricultural production in Vietnam, particularly rice production in the Mekong Delta, the largest rice production region of the country. This study aims to advance understanding of the impacts of climate change on rice production in the Mekong Delta through desktop studies of literature, followed by discussions of relevant response options and specific recommendations to climate change adaptation in the research area. This research has identified four major responses to climate change, namely, technological developments, farm production actions, farm financial strategies, and government support programs. The local context was analyzed to provide appropriate strategies towards climate-resilient farming communities in the Mekong Delta. The recommendations are also relevant to many disaster-prone production regions in the country.

Author(s): Duong Hong Viet, Ha Minh Tuan, Khuat Thi Thanh Huyen, Chu Thi Tho


EFFECTS OF DIVERSITY MANAGEMENT ON ORGANISATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR AMONGST EMPLOYEES AT UNIVERSITY X

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.9
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Abstract: Diversity in the organizational environment encompasses all forms of differences amongst individuals, including gender, age, ability, religious affiliation, personality, economic class, social status, educational background, and sexual orientation. The aim of this research article is to determine the relationship between diversity management and organizational citizenship behavior amongst employees at University X. This study adopted a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews and observation. The participants were aware of the effects of diversity management on organizational citizenship behavior. The University had a policy which embraces diversity within employees. It was also discovered that the University lack effective measures that can be used to implement policies embracing diversity amongst employees (main campus). There is a need for diversity awareness programs aimed for University X employees to be implemented.

Author(s): Jeremiah Madzimure

PROBING THE PERCEPTIONS OF EDUCATORS REGARDING THEIR UNDERSTANDING OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.6
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Abstract: The purpose of this research study is to investigate what educators believe radical transformative leadership is all about in the context of South African Higher Education. Transformational leadership is a process in which the leaders take actions to try increase the awareness of what is right and important. This study used a methodology based upon the approach of Tesch. The lecturers emphasised the development of the student’s behaviours and attitude towards personal development and their ability as lecturers to bring a positive change in the educational sector. The findings also revealed on the development of activities that were taken as just ordinary or extra mural activities. However, those activities in today’s world are enhanced to meet the demand of the current way of life. The study recommends that both the leaders and the followers in the process of a transformational leadership in the context of South African Higher Education must work hand in hand to promote transformation within the context of South Africa Higher Education.

Author(s): Jeremiah Madzimure

LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN THE UNIFIED SYSTEM OF PUBLIC POWER IN RUSSIA

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.7
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Abstract: The relevance of the study is caused by the new constitutional amendments adopted in 2020 on the unified system of public power, bodies of a unified system of public power and cooperation between state and municipal bodies. The purpose of the work is to systematically analyze the constitutional provisions and identify the place of local self-government in the unified system of public power. In this regard, we studied the stages of local self-government development as an element of the public power system, and the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation consolidating the subjects of different state power levels. The authors proposed the doctrinal concepts of local self-government, a unified system of public power, and bodies of a unified system of public power.

Author(s): Evtekhov Roman Arturovich, Iokhim Andrey Nikolaevich


DETECTION OF BOTNET COMMUNICATION OVER TCP NETWORK FLOW USING MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS

Volume 77, Jun 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.6.2
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Abstract: One of the greatest challenges in the cybersecurity is the detection of botnets. In recent decades, a wide range of machine learning techniques has been utilized for this purpose. Nevertheless, rapidly evolving cyber-threats keep finding novel ways to bypass cyber defense systems. Botnets can use many different network protocols such as UDP, ICMP and TCP for malicious communication. Since TCP is one of the most commonly used network protocols, it is of particular importance. Therefore, this study focuses on the detection of the botnets communicating over TCP only. A labeled dataset with botnet, normal and background traffic named CTU-13 is used for training 3 different machine learning algorithms (k-NN, Random Forest, LightGBM) for botnet traffic classification and testing the success of the proposed botnet detection model. Based on the expert knowledge and using a correlation filter, 3 flow features are deliberately selected among the 14 different network flow features included in CTU-13 database. The proposed model can efficiently distinguish botnet traffic from normal traffic with 94.26% accuracy by using LightGBM classifier without being caught in the overfitting trap contrary to the most classification models in the literature featuring ip-based approaches.

Author(s): Ali Haydar Eser, Zafer Aslan, Ali Gunes, Metin Zontul


COMPARISON OF PRE-OP 2D MAMMOGRAPHY AND 3D MAMMOGRAPHY (TOMOCYNTHESIS) FINDINGS IN PATIENTS DUE TO BREAST LESION

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.1
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Abstract: Aim: Conventional digital mammography (CDM) is a basic screening method especially used for women over 40 years of age. CDM enable multiple images from different angles and different depth levels. To avoid superposition of healthy and ill breast tissue the Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) reveals to be a certain method. Thus, we aimed to compare CDM and DBT (Digital Breast Tomosynthesis) images of preoperative lesions to detect their significance. Material and method: We retrospectively compared 646 patients divided into two groups with their CDM and DBT results at our Institution. Only patients with type C and D breast tissue paterns were included. In the first group (76 patients) lesions detected on CDM or DBT images were compared according to 6 parameters with 4 histopathological parameters correlation. In the second group 570 patients with lesions detected on CDM and/or DBT and without histopathological correlation were compared due to the parameters. Findings: There was a statistical significant result for detecting nodulary opacity and distortion with DBT compared to CDM (p<0.05). A parenchymal distorsion-area correlated with histopathology as a maligant lesion was significant better identified on DBT compared to CDM (p<0.05). Detection for nodulary opacity was significant better with DBT compared to CDM (p<0.05). Result: CDM is the gold Standard for detecting preoperative breast lesions and reveals to be the most commonly used method together with ultrasound. According to our study DBT is more successful at detecting findings like nodulary opacities and parenchymal distortion.

Author(s): Vugar Samadli, Sevinc Dagistanli, Mehmet Cingoz, Suleyman Sonmez


SYMBOLS AND IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT: ANALYSIS OF THE GLOBAL ASSAULTS ON “SYMBOLS OF COLONIALISM” BETWEEN MAY AND SEPTEMBER 2020

Volume 77, Jun 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.6.3
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Abstract: In the aftermath of the murder of George Floyd on May 25th 2020, numerous symbols of colonialism were attacked globally. In exploring how symbols both “link and interpret”, this paper argues that the attacks constitute “ideological conflict.” Using case studies from across the globe the researchers show that the attacks on symbols are attacks on the ideology of colonialism. The paper furthermore divulges into why symbols which represent the three toxic traits of colonialism; racism, imperialism, and slavery, are glorified in a supposed multi-cultural world. The research concludes with recommendations from South Africa and France which offer insight on society, transformation, and decolonization.

Author(s): Anton M. Pillay, Jeremiah Madzimure


STRATEGIES USED TO TEACH GRADE 11 FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN ONE DISTRICT IN SOUTH AFRICA

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.2
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Abstract: Accounting curriculum is constantly changing because of the persistent shifts in the discipline emanating from the developments in the profession. This paper explores teaching strategies used by accounting teachers to teach Grade 11 Financial Accounting in one district in South Africa. A qualitative case study was used to allow for an in-depth understanding of the strategies used to teach Financial Accounting by talking to and observing four Accounting teachers directly. The Grade 11 Accounting teachers were conveniently and purposively sampled from four schools. Semi-structured individual interviews and lesson observations were used as data generation methods. The data were then analyzed by identifying various themes that respond to the research question. The findings of the study revealed that teachers understand that Accounting is a unique practical subject with its own language. As a result, they used a variety of teaching strategies to enhance teaching and learning of the subject. What emerged from the findings is that, because of sequencing of knowledge, some topics build on each other and cannot be taught without first teaching other topics. Teachers insisted on determining learners understanding of foundational or prerequisite knowledge that was crucial in reinforcing learning of new concepts. Because teachers regarded Accounting is a practical subject that necessitates regular practice, teachers used frequent and different assessment tasks to consolidate learning of new knowledge.

Author(s): Jabulisile Ngwenya, Nombuso Hlophe


FACTORS HINDERING EFFECTIVENESS OF STRATEGIES PRACTITIONERS USE IN THE TEACHING OF PRE-GRADE R (3 TO 4 YEARS) MATHEMATICS

Volume 77, Jul 2021
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2021.7.4
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Abstract: This article explored factors hampering the effective use of strategies practitioners used in developing mathematics in pre-grade R children in selected Early Childhood Development centres of Oliver Reginald (OR) Tambo Inland District of education. The study adopted qualitative research method in which semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. Six practitioners from two ECD centres of OR Tambo Inland District in Eastern Cape Province were interviewed. The findings of the study revealed that in the two ECD centres, both being located in rural districts, practitioners had no or minimal training on ECD. The lack of training led to various factors that caused the hindrance of the effectiveness of strategies in the development of mathematics. This knowledge gap rendered them unable to stimulate and develop mathematics to children properly. Hence, these practitioners used traditional ways of instructional practices. They also lacked the ability and skills to create healthy learning spaces for the development of children to their full potential. Poor infrastructure of the two centres was another hurdle. Furthermore, they were also unable to assist children in using a variety of learning styles due to a lack of understanding of the ECD curriculum. Additionally, as centres were not registered with the Department of Social Development, it was difficult for them to apply for funding to improve the quality of the ECD programmers.

Author(s): NELISWA GQOLI