THE REFLECTIONS OF THE ART MOVEMENTS TO THE KINETIC SCULPTURE

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.3
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Abstract: It aims to investigate the beginning, the development and status of the kinetic sculpture in the 21st century together with its reflection to the art movements. According to our study, both historical and half-mythic character Daidalos, who live in the 1000�s BC, is known as the earliest artist of the kinetic sculpture. Therefore, the first artworks of the kinetic sculpture have been produced 3000 years ago. We have examined in our study the artists of the Mechanic School of Alexandria, are also known as earlier pioneers of the kinetic sculpture, with their works of 2300 years ago. The technological developments have always affected the art. The emergence of the concept of art in society was possible after a certain development of mankind. It starts by using the hand, which means the origin of the technique (techne). Thus, the concept of technology enters into an inseparable relationship with art, and technology takes its place in many current art trends. The new quests in this framework, starting with realism and spreading to abstraction, led to new challenges in art. The efforts to achieve innovation, as one of the reflections of social development, can be named within the framework of performance arts (installation, happening, etc.) produced by modern and postmodern artistic movements. However, these quests start to reproduce themselves at one point and create products in the same cycle. Only the name of the artist changed. The products are nearly same. Art is an act of human being, and anything that affects human affects art.

Author(s): Ahmet Ozer, Ugurcan Akyuz


THE IMAGE OF THE “LITTLE MAN” IN THE AZERBAIJANI PROSE IN THE LATE XIX-EARLY XX CENTURIES

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.7
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Abstract: The article is devoted to one of the leading themes of Azerbaijani literature � the image of �little people�, depicted in Azerbaijani prose in the late XIX - early XX centuries. The article reflects the chronological stages in the development of the image of the �little man� in Azerbaijani fiction. The author comes to the conclusion that J. Mammadguluzadeh does not make any authorial interventions in the actions and life style of the image of the �little man� created by him in the short story Mailbox � Novruzali. However, another image of the �little man� created by Abduraghim Bek Akverdiyev, Mirza Safar, differs from the �little man� � Novruzali described by J. Mammadguluzadeh, by reasonableness and proactive attitude. In the article the author comes to the scientific conclusion that through the images of �little people� in the Azerbaijani prose of the late XIX - early XX centuries writers introduced life in literature in a broad sense, interests and needs of the people, including the problems of society, and played an exceptional role in the partial elimination of these problems.

Author(s): Leyla Majid gizi Imamalieva

PATTERN OF ADOLESCENT MANAGEMENT BASED ON SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY PERSPECTIVE

Volume 73, Nov 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.11.25
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Abstract: PATTERN OF ADOLESCENT MANAGEMENT BASED ON SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY PERSPECTIVE 1Kusnul Khotimah (Student/UniversitasNegeri Semarang/Indonesia/+6285755646797/cuznoel777@gmail.com) 2Prof. Dr. Masrukhi, M. Pd. (Teacher/UniversitasNegeri Semarang/Indonesia) 3Dr. TriwatyArsal, M.Si. (Teacher/UniversitasNegeri Semarang/Indonesia) 4Prof. Dr. Sucihatiningsih D.W. P., M.Si (Teacher/UniversitasNegeri Semarang/Indonesia) ABSTRACT The city of Blitar, also known as Patria City, was legally established on April 1, 1906. In its development, the momentum was then declared as Blitar City Anniversary. In this city the place lies Bung Karno, the Proclaimer, First President of Indonesia, the great idiologist and thinker of the world who is admired by both Indonesian society and the world community. The city of Blitar is also one of the historic places for the Indonesian Nation, where prior to the proclamation of this place has been called for the independence of Indonesia followed by raising the Red and White which then led to PETA Rebellion by SudancoSupriyadi. Nevertheless, the number of juvenile delinquency jumped high in MTs Maarif NU Blitar City. MTs Maarif NU Kota Blitar is a formal educational institution in carrying out educational activities, implementing Boarding School System that is all students live in dormitory/boarding school located in campus environment MTs Maarif NU Blitar City. Types of violations that are often committed by students who violate the rules or regulations of schools in MTs Ma'arif NU Blitar City from 2011 to 2015 varied include: smoking there are 700 students, ditching 657 students, dating there are 652 students, not entering school without certificate there are 642 students, carrying hp there are 542 students, fighting there are 442 students, alcoholic drink there are 434 students, and do not wear attribute there are 100 students. The purpose of this research is to study the pattern of juvenile delinquency handling based on social learning theory perspective.The method used in this research by using qualitative research approach.The results showed that juvenile delinquency can be reduced in number by using social learning theory Bandura (1977) which states that the way a person behave can be learned and can be changed by through learning to observe. Keywords: handling pattern, juvenile delinquency, social learning theory

Author(s): Kusnul Khotimah, Masrukhi, Triwaty Arsal, Sucihatiningsih D.W. P.


RECONFIGURABLE DNA CRYPTO SYSTEM THROUGH PSEUDO BIOTIC KEY ENCRYPTION MECHANISM

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.13
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Abstract: Pseudo biotic cryptography will be an advanced crypto-analytic model, as it is presently increasing bimolecular computation, since its process energize and can verify future generation network computing. Nowadays, the data protection has become very important such that an unbreakable encryption technology should be designed in order to provide security for the data. A new paradigm in cryptography to secure information was introduced through biological structure called central dogma of molecular biology. DNA cryptographic system gains more popularity with enhanced features like, high storage capacity, security level, and more time to break the crypto system. This paper proposes new pseudo biotic DNA based crypto mechanism. This DNA computing created good path for storing large information, correspondence and high energy efficiency. The proposed method, message is converted to Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA), Messenger Ribonucleic acid (MRNA), and Transpose Ribonucleic acid (TRNA) standards. A part of converted message is spliced unsymmetrical to produce a random key at each stage. The sliced unsymmetrical key generation mechanism relies on the genetic information. The process involves in splicing the message and generating multiple sequence of keys from different stages which are random in order to enhance the degree of security. Cracking possibility of the algorithm is less due to pseudo random key generation mechanism and cipher both were merged in protein form. Proposed Algorithm utilizes less public key infrastructure, and communicated between Alice and Bob. Algorithm was designed, using Verilog HDL; Synthesized & Simulated in Vivado and hardware implementation is targeted to Zync FPGA architecture.\r\nKeywords: DNA cryptography with symmetric key, DNA, mRNA, FPGA.

Author(s): B. Murali krishna, G. L. Madhumati, Habibulla Khan


FACTORS IMPACTING ON ACCESS TO CLOFAZIMINE IN KWAZULU NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA TO SUPPORT ROLL OUT OF THE UPDATED 2016 DRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS GUIDELINES

Volume 73, Nov 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.11.24
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Abstract: Clofazimine (CFZ), previously used in the treatment of leprosy, has been repurposed for use in drug resistant tuberculosis treatment. In 2016 the World Health Organization published updated drug resistant tuberculosis guidelines that include CFZ as a core medicine in the treatment regimen. The new regimen adopted by South Africa (SA), has the potential to improve treatment success rates from 52% for multidrug resistant tuberculosis (2013 cohort) and 28% for extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (Global TB report 2016) to > 85% as reported under study conditions by Van Deun et al. As SA prepares to roll-out the new regimen it is important to assess factors impacting on access and availability of CFZ to ensure a sustainable supply of medicine to meet the needs of the population. Published literature was reviewed to identify barriers to CFZ access globally followed by a review of the South African policy guidelines and usage at a centralized drug resistant tuberculosis unit in KwaZulu Natal to assess if these barriers impact on access. A review of pharmacy issues between 2012 and July 2017 was conducted. A literature search of publications that cited barriers to CFZ access found that common provider barriers globally were lack of registration, regulatory restrictions, non-inclusion into National guidelines and essential medicines list and limitations in the number of pre-qualified products registered. A review of South African policy documents and usage indicated that although some global barriers did exist in SA, there is access to CFZ in KZN as shown by usage history although restricted to the centralized unit. During the study period 2012 – July 2017, 2209 patients with pre-extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid, aminoglycoside or fluoroquinolone) and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid, aminoglycoside and fluoroquinolone) received CFZ as part of their treatment regimen. This was facilitated by the importation of CFZ into the country using a section 21 authorization. Compliance to the regulatory requirements of informed consents and progress reports was found to be a challenge and must be addressed if the authorization is to be renewed every 6 months. Expansion of the usage of CFZ to multidrug resistant tuberculosis (resistance to rifampicin and isoniazid only) will increase demand from approximately 300 to 3000 patients per year making it impossible to sustain the regulatory requirements associated with the use of an unregistered medicine. In conclusion there is political will in SA to enable access to CFZ as seen by inclusion into the South African multidrug resistant tuberculosis guidelines and usage. However, some barriers do exist that may impact negatively on sustainable access to medicine that may erode the perceived success of the new short course MDR TB treatment regimen. It is hereby recommended that CFZ registration in SA for a tuberculosis indication and inclusion into the National STG and EML must be fast-tracked and access to CFZ must also be decentralized to all initiating facilities in KZN.

Author(s): Nirupa Misra, P. Naidoo, N. Padaytchi


A CONSENSUS SCORING APPROACH TO IDENTIFY VIRTUAL LIGAND HITS AGAINST PHOSPHOTRANSACETYLASE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.5
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Abstract: In silicocomputational analysis provides an alternative towards time consuming procedure in identifying probable hits against protein/enzyme target. The interactions between protein and ligand can be assessed by scoring functions based on the binding modes of ligand obtained from search algorithms. Several scoring functions have been proposed and every method has their own strengths andweaknesses, hence a multiple scoring analysis referred as consensus scoring increases the overall signalnoiseratio. Therefore, top ten ligands obtained by virtual screening of PubChem compounds against Phosphotransacetylase, a putative drug target for Staphylococcus aureus were subjected to re-scoring using mcule, AutoDock and X-score functions. Arank-sum technique was employed which ranksobtained scores followed by applying Dempster Shafer Theory and Zhang rule to identify true hits, which suggested PubChem ID 10096390, an oxazolyl derivative, as best compound with better affinity of binding with Phosphotransacetylase.

Author(s): P. BHARATH SIVA VARMA, Adimulam Yesu Babu, K. Subrahmanyam


NONPARAMETRIC EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF THE SHAREHOLDING AND THE OWNED TEA FARMING SYSTEM IN RIZE, TURKEY

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.2
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Abstract: Tea production is one of the most important economic activities of the farming community in Turkey. Tea production is hindered by numerous production and management problems such as aging, land contraction, late replanting, and illegal tea entry. For sustainable tea production, the near-term strategy is to increase the efficiency of the current tea production systems. To the best of our knowledge, our study, for the first time, analyzed the efficiency level of tea farmers and explored its determinants. Furthermore, the efficiency level of shareholding and owned farming systems was also studied. In total, 138 tea growers from three districts of the Rize Province were selected and stratified by a random sampling technique. The results revealed that farmers can reduce their input usage by 43% without compromising their total tea yield. However, the economic efficiency of the farmers was very bad (score: 0.41). The owner-operated farms were less efficient than shareholder farms (score: 0.76), primarily owing to low technical efficiency. Factors such as parcel number, parcel age, slope, altitude, and erosion risk negatively affect the technical efficiency. However, technical efficiency is positively associated with factors such as the farmers� education level, respondent age, number of family members, land under tea, soil test performance, fertilizer application method, terrace status, and membership of cooperative and farming types (shareholding). A concentrated effort by the government is required to increase the farmer�s skill in tea cultivation. The farmers should be educated on early replanting, fertilizer application, and the benefits of terracing due to the risk of erosion and landslide. In addition, the farmers should be encouraged to utilize their family resources instead of hiring labor to overcome their inputs requirements.

Author(s): Shamsheer Ul Haq, Ismet Boz


INFLUENCES OF HEALTH INFORMATION ORIENTATION AND EHEALTH LITERACY ON OREAN ADOLESCENTS’ HEALTH PROMOTION BEHAVIORS

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.11
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Abstract: BACKGROUND With the expansion of Internet use, the Internet usage rate of teenagers is very high�99.9% in South Korea�and more than half of them are searching for health-related information online. Adequate eHealth Literacy (eHL) and Health Information Orientation (HIO) are becoming more and more important. Thus, this study aimed to describe the influences of eHL and HIO on adolescents� health promotion behaviors.\r\nMETHODS A cross-sectional survey design was used. A structured questionnaire was administered to 161 adolescents aged 16 to 18 years in 3 high schools in South Korea, who participated in this study based on informed written consent.\r\nRESULTS The health promotion behaviors of adolescents were found to be significantly correlated with HIO and eHL. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that HIO, eHL, and subjective health status were predictors of health promotion behaviors of adolescents, after adjusting for general characteristics.\r\nCONCLUSIONS These findings indicate that HIO and eHL can be important factors in promoting adolescents� health behaviors. With these findings we can suggest proper education for adolescents should include enhancement of eHL and HIO. Therefore, educational programs should be developed to increase adolescents� interest in their own health and their actual eHL.

Author(s): Kyoung Ja Kim, Hyun Ji Kim


PAST TRADITIONS IN HIGHER EDUCATION ON WHICH SCHOLARSHIP OF TEACHING AND LEARNING (SOtL) IS BUILT

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.8
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Abstract: In a study conducted by Maphosa and Wadesango in 2014 entitled Interrogating the role of Academic Developers in the promotion of scholarly teaching and the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL), they implored further research along the same line of research in an endeavour to find ways over and around barriers in doing and applying quality Sotl work by eliminating such barriers so that it is not isolated from past traditions on which it is built upon. Related to this was the need to maintain a balance. This desktop study was there for conducted in order to scrutinise some of the past traditions in Higher Education on which SoTL is built, which may be confused with SoTL and articulate how they are related to SoTL. The following four past traditions were identified and discussed in detail in this study: classroom and programme assessment, action research, the reflective practice movement and peer review of teaching. Literature also shows that there are 2 terms closely related to SoTL which are good teaching and scholarly teaching. The study also discussed these terms in relation to the SoTL concept. \nKeywords: good teaching, scholarly teaching, action research, reflective teaching, traditional research

Author(s): Newman Wadesango

UNDERSTANDING THE INGREDIENTS OF SCHOLARSHIP OF TEACHING AND LEARNING (SoTL)

Volume 73, Dec 2017
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2017.12.12
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Abstract: In this paper the researcher sought to examine the ingredients of scholarship of learning and teaching (SOLT). Scholarship of teaching and learning as a concept was expounded in detail as well as how it enhances teaching and learning in higher education. The researcher further discussed the origin of SOLT and also went on to discuss its benefits and pitfalls. In the paper, critical aspects of SoTL such as active learning, collaborative learning and problem based learning were interrogated in an endeavour to determine how they promote SoTL.

Author(s): Newman Wadesango