THE QUALITY OF SOCIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS AS AN INDICATOR OF THE SOCIAL-AND-ECONOMIC EFFECT BALANCE IN THE EMPLOYMENT SECTOR

Volume 75, Apr 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.4.10
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Abstract: Purpose: The paper attempts to develop a system of indices reflecting the quality of social and labor relations. They are considered to be indicators of economic growth and social effect balance in the operation of small and large economic systems. \r\nDesign/methodology/approach: \r\nThe research approach is built on the relevant domestic researches and on the studies of scholars abroad. The empirical part is based on official statistics analysis and graphic visualization.\r\nFindings: Two groups of indices characterizing quality of social and labor relations are suggested. The first group reflects labor potential issues and includes six groups of indices – decent work, decent length of the working day, humanization of labor, employment conditions, occupational health and safety, and democratization of working life. The second group represents the condition of contractual relations in the company. \r\nOriginality/value: Careful study of the social and labor relations’ state in the Russian Federation economic context confirmed our hypothesis that complex application of the proposed indices can become an indicator of social and economic efficiency balance for both small and large economic systems worldwide.

Author(s): Elena Legchilina

NETWORK ECONOMICS AND E-COMMERCE PROBLEMS AND DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES IN AZERBAIJAN

Volume 75, Mar 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.3.10
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Abstract: Abstract. As a result of the development of the information economy, the network economy can be considered as a direct demand, demand of the sixth technological mode.Network economy means specific economic relationships between people for the purpose of distributing, exchanging, consuming and displaying a variety of products and services by using the internet, the interconnection network of multilevel structures organized between economic agents, providing fast connection between demand and offer, a form of economic activity based on global e-commerce. The expansion of the networks economy, of course, also requires to the increase in the volume of e-commerce (e-commerce). E-commerce is the purchase of goods and services through electronic communication channels, by using the Internet, and computer technology. The role of virtual and online stores is great in the implementation of e-commerce. The volume of e-commerce in the world is increasing. About 10 percent of the worlds trade is in e-commerce, and this proportion is increasing. The volume of e-commerce in the CIS, including Azerbaijan, is not at a high level yet.This is because of several problems. For the solution of these problems, recently many works have been carried out in the direction of e-commerce development. Legislative base has been established, a number of works have been done to promote online commerce and so on.

Author(s): PhD and Associate Professor Ismailov Ismail Elman

BEAT PATTERNS OF A PHYSICAL INCLINED PENDULUM AND THEIR REAL-WORLD APPLICATION

Volume 75, Mar 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.3.3
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Abstract: The paper develops dynamic and mathematical models of the physical inclined pendulum. The motion equations of a pendulum are solved by a stage-by-stage consideration method. The motion laws and amplitudes of oscillations, coordinates of the stagnation zone and their graphical representations are analyzed and discussed. The expressions of oscillation characteristic: period, amplitude, decrement of damping oscillations, quality of a pendulum are determined and considered depending on the angle of inclination and length of the thread, radius of the pendulum ball, rolling friction coefficient and other system parameters. For practical applications, working formulas have been found for determining the rolling friction coefficient at rest, the dynamic rolling friction coefficient and the rolling friction coefficient at the stagnation zone. As an example, the values of the coefficient of rolling friction of solid steel on steel are given. The investigation results can be used to develop new educational laboratory work, to design and create new instruments for determining rolling friction coefficients used in mechanical engineering.

Author(s): Zharilkassin Iskakov

AN ANALYSIS OF PRE-SERVICE MATHEMATICS MISTAKES IN MATRICES

Volume 75, Mar 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.3.9
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Abstract: With the crisis faced in mathematics performance in South Africa, teacher-training institutions are urged to produce mathematics teachers who are grounded in the content discipline. Consequence, teacher educators and researchers are paying particular attention to mistakes students make when learning mathematics concepts with the aim to provide appropriate remedial strategies in order to improve students’ content discipline knowledge. In this study, researcher explain mistakes of (n=31) first pre-service mathematics teachers. The data was collected using activity sheets and interviews. The activity sheets was used in order to analyse their written work with the aim to interrogate their responses. Interviews were used in order to interrogate their thought processes of the solution provided. The findings showed that while matrices are considered a concrete concepts, the mistakes displayed by pre-service mathematics teachers are systematics and emanate from underlying belies of working with real numbers. Thus, indicate prevalent errors and misconceptions. The findings further showed that the lack of procedural and conceptual knowledge of computing real numbers was the main source of the identified errors and misconceptions. Based on the findings the recommendations is that in order to help pre-service mathematics teachers build a strong foundation of abstract matrix algebra there is a needy to remedy errors and misconceptions of matrices.

Author(s): Zanele Ndlov

ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS OF THE GREEN DAM BY REMOTE SENSING: THE CASE OF MOUDJBARA (DJELFA, CENTRAL ALGERIA)

Volume 75, Apr 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.4.8
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Abstract: Abstract: The green dam is one of Algeria's greatest environmental achievements. However, few studies have focused on this area and particularly on its dynamics. This is what we will be examined in this work through a typical region where this reforestation was initiated, the forest of Moudjbara, located in Djelfa. The visual classification of Landsat satellite images 1972, 1987; 2003 and 2016 coupled with field surveys was selected. To limit the exogenous variations, the sun-synchronous satellite images were chosen at the same season, the autumn. Phytoecological surveys based on mixed sampling were performed. In terms of area, afforestation after planting reached about 6 500 ha in 1987 and 7985 ha in 2003 while in 2016 it reached 8500 ha, occupying nearly one third of the total area of the area study. Nevertheless, crops, especially in areas where reforestation has declined, are increasing. Phytosanitary status is a concern but natural forests seem less affected with 1.2 nests per tree in natural forest and 1.85 in reforestation. The comparison between original and reforested forest formations shows that biodiversity is greater in natural forests and the difference between reforestation and natural forest decrease with time, the similarity index between the natural forest and reforestation for the year 2002 is estimated at 63% and it reaches 76% in 2018 for perennial species. The most notable changes are in the nearby steppe area, which is undergoing advanced degradation. The crops which occupied only 1.29% of the study area currently cover 12% of the territory. These work shows that reforestation has relatively maintained their original areas, although growing crops. Contrariwise, the phytosanitary quality and the biodiversity of the stand are less satisfactory compared to natural stands. The rangelands are undergone deep changes which weaken their long-term future and question the survival of livestock farming in these zones.

Author(s): Boumediene Khaouani, Azziz Hirche, Mostefa Salamani


L. TIECKS UNIVERSALDRAMEN: TRADITIONAL NARRATIVES AS THE BASIS FOR GENRE EXPERIMENTS

Volume 75, Mar 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.3.7
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Abstract: The article analyses how L.Tieck understood the phenomena of the traditional narratives. The article discusses the views Tieck had upon the chapbook, and its adaptations in his works, particularly the drama based upon popular material. Three of his dramatic works of that type, �Life and death of the St. Genivieve� (1800), �Emperor Octavian� (1808) and �Fortunatus� (1815), especially the first one, initiated new genres of German Romantic drama called Universaldrama (drama of the universe), which are typologically close to mystery play. Tieck\\\'s literary program combined both the rejection of contemporary mass literature and the productive replacement of it with examples of new Romantic art. The contradiction between reality and fiction, which is accentuated in Tieck\\\'s comedies, weakens in his Universaldramen. The main theme of his plays is the interpretation of religion as a way to comprehend the world. The poet creates a kind of genre complex, where the drama of historical process is ironically removed. This is the basic principle of his two first big plays � �Life and death of the St. Genivieve� and �Emperor Octavian�. His last play, �Fortunatus� is, however, rather a generalizing \\\"ironic construct\\\" which combines elements of several traditional genres and, at the same time, is a parody of the genre he created.

Author(s): Tatiana A. Zotova

Higher education practitioners assessment literacy levels: A logical basis for its positioning in relation to critical theory, critical reflection, and professional development

Volume 75, Feb 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.2.3
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Abstract: This theoretical enquiry was geared towards the formation and advancement of a scholarly discourse in the context of higher education practitioners levels of assessment literacy. Despite having recently gained an unprecedented level of currency among academics, assessment literacy, as a higher education professional attribute, remains largely not theorised. The related scholarly thought has mostly evolved around a particular emancipatory discourse. Such thinking is also underpinned by a certain degree of subservience to the conventional notions of professional ethics and morality that subsumes assessment literacy. The emergence of the higher education transformation discourse has also resulted in trepidations felt at individual and institutional levels, further confounding assessment-related professional attributes as a ripple effect. A conceptual consolidation of the idea of assessment as a professional literacy, together with its associated constructs, is therefore mooted here. The practice of assessment-literacy-related professional development subscribing to the notions of critical theory, critical reflection, and 21st century skills, was hence philosophically substantiated, so that such practices assume a higher degree of legitimacy and credence. Assessment, the single most dominant student experience, as this article concludes, needs significant philosophical reaffirmation. Such a reaffirmation forms the basis for the continuance of progressive discourses, and is hence vital in the context of advancement of assessment literacy as an aspect of higher education professional literacy.

Author(s): A. KRISHNANNAIR, S. KRISHNANNAIR, S.N. IMENDA


MYOCARDIAL FUNCTIONS IN OBESE CHILDREN WITH SUBCLINICAL HYPOTHYROIDISM

Volume 75, Feb 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.2.11
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Abstract: Childhood obesity is an important health problem representing a major public health concern worldwide. An isolated elevation of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) with normal levels of thyroid hormones is frequently found in obese children. It has been named Isolated Hyperthyreotropinemia or Subclinical Hypothyroidism (SCH) and may be considered a consequence of obesity. SCH is related to impairment of both systolic and diastolic myocardial function in the adult population. Objective: Aim of this study is to evaluate whether SCH affects myocardial function in childhood obesity. Material and Methods: We examined 48 obese children and adolescents with SCH and 70 obese children and adolescents with normal TSH. Doppler echocardiography was performed in order to evaluate myocardial function to all cases in both groups. Results: Global systolic function was evaluated with, ejection fraction (EF) and compared between groups. Right ventricular global systolic function and pressure were significantly decreased in SCH group. LV mass index was significantly higher in SCH group (p=0.041). Global systolic function was evaluated as EF and no difference was found among the groups. RV global longitudinal function was evaluated with TAPSE measurement and a significant decrease was observed for this value in SCH group compared to the other group (p=0.0015). MAPSE lateral and MAPSE septum which are important for showing LV longitudinal function in SCH group decreased significantly (p=0.004 and p=0.002). Similarly, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and peak systolic movement were decreased in SCH group (9,6±1,8 cm/s vs 11.5±1.7 cm/sn; p=0.03). In addition, significant changes were observed in both systolic and diastolic functions in the left ventricle in SCH group. Conclusions: These results suggest the possible involvement of cardiac functions in obese children with SCH.

Author(s): Atilla Cifci, Mehmet Boyraz


INVESTOR’S BEHAVIOR DRIVEN BY THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE DISCLOSURES ON VOLATILITY AND MB RATIO: EVIDENCE FROM INDIA

Volume 75, Apr 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.4.7
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Abstract: This study investigates investor�s behavior driven by the impact of voluntary disclosure on share volatility and MB ratio. We measure the voluntary disclosure score with a self constructed dichotomous scale, Volatility is a measure of standard deviation of daily log returns of stock price. Investor behavior is proxied by consumer confidence index generated by the federal bank. The paper first studies the extent of disclosure practices prevailing in Indian Listed companies. Afterwards the paper highlights the importance of high disclosure in the context that disclosures are necessary in mitigating the effects of investor�s sentiments on stock price volatility and MB ratio.

Author(s): Rupali Khanna, BHUPINDER PAL SINGH CHAHAL


Indigenous people social function and building character education (Study in Kampar Indigenous people to sacred grove in Kenagarian Rumbio, Riau Province)

Volume 75, Feb 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.2.4
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Abstract: This paper explains the function and social in the character education building from environmental awareness value perspective in Kampar indigenous people for the sacred grove or hutan larangan in Kenagarian Rumbio, Riau Province. Data collection applied qualitative research method in form of observation, interview, and documentation. The observation research scopes are village condition, sociocultural and economic activity of the people, village elder or ninik mamak, public figure, the trader, the local society with in-depth interview, and include snowball sampling to maximize the data collection activity. The documentation activities are a report from village administration, traders report, or literature works from the expert. Data analysis applied Miles & Huberman analysis method, such as data reduction, data display, verification/conclusion and triangulation data validation, member checking, and expert opinion. There are three social functions or folklore practiced in the building of character education through informal education in indigenous people, petatah petitih or proverbs and sayings channel, pantun expression, and wise advice from ninik mamak or adat chief. Social capital existence from ninik mamak in development of character education through role model from ninik mamak as social behavior, an awareness in the indigenous people social life, and religious life of Kampar indigenous people based on true value. \\r\\nKeywords: Education, Character, Sacred Grove, Indigenous People and Kampar

Author(s): Dr. Ahmal, Nana Supriatna, Kokom Komalasari, Erlina Wiyanarti