INVESTIGATION OF THE NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REFORM ON SERVICE DELIVERY IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY: E-GOVERNANCE

Volume 75, Jul 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.7.1
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Abstract: Public management reform in most countries across the world has received much attention in recent days. One aspect of public management is Service delivery and it is what either makes or breaks a society. The use of e-governance / e-government has proved to be successful in many parts of the world (Euan, 2012). This study investigated the impact of adopting and implementing the new public management reforms on service delivery at the immigration department. Using a mixed method approach, data was obtained through closed and open-ended questions and drew from participants’ views and reports regarding their experiences with service delivery under the new public management reforms. A multi-stage sampling design that selected 260 participants comprising of customers and government officials was utilized. The study found that reforms at the department of immigration have yielded improved service delivery. Accordingly, the study generated specific recommendations from the perspective of these stakeholders.

Author(s): Kgalemelo Rodnie Mafa, Desmond Wesley Govender


THE INVESTIGATION PROBLEMS OF THE DIALECTS AND ACCENTS OF NAKHCHIVAN

Volume 75, Jul 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.7.7
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Abstract: The article has been devoted to the investigation history of Nakhchivan dialects and accents. Learning process of Nakhchivan dialects and accents began from the 40th years of passed century. We can grouped such works in two stages: The first stage reflects 1940-1990th years that is begun the learning of the dialects and accents of the region and some works had done on this field. The second stage begins from 1990th years and continues till our time. This stage is more productivity than before. So the dialects and accents of Nakchivan is widely learnt in this period. Result of researches many voluminous investigations, monographs and books were written. These works are the value sources in learning the dialects and accents of the region. Here the author notes that related with the development of society, changing the life and welfare some of the words go out of the active lexicon, but they live in our dialects and accents as the witness of the history. Therefore widely researching of dialects and accents gives a new language facts to turkology science and language history.

Author(s): Nuray Aliyeva

EDUCATIONAL PLANNING OF HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION MODELS ON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL EDUCATORS IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.15
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Abstract: The number of human rights violation to children is high. The dominant case of human rights violation to children is sexual harrasment. Therefore it is needed human rights education to introduce human rights value to children. So, children will be able to respect themselves and others. This study has a focus on managing human rights education planning for elementary school, namely by assessing the appropriatenesss of human rights education using multimedia as learning media. This model was tested on 20 elementary school teachers in Central Java, Indonesia. The sample was chosen by purposive sampling. Analysis of model effectiveness was conducted by testing the model appropriateness. The result of this research are as follow: 1) Human rights education never been implemented in elementary school in Central Java. 2) Human rights education model cirricullum adopted from human rights education curriculum of UNICEF adapted to ideology, philosophy and human rights violation issues in Indonesia. The model was designed in multimedia with videoscribe software, combined with video and Youtube. 3) Human rights education model with multimedia as learning model was effective because the model was friendly user for students. It could be concluded that human rights education model had a significant influence on increasing human rights knowledge for elementary school students.

Author(s): Vita Santa Kusuma Chrisantina, Sugiyo, Wahyu Hardyanto, Suwito Eko Pramono


BIO-ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TAPINOMA NIGERRIMUM IN THE PALM GROVES OF ALGERIA (NORTHERN SAHARA)

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.16
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Abstract: Formicidae in some palm groves in Algeria are composed of Myrmicinae (387.9 ± 183.8 individuals/month). Formicinae (242.2 ± 182.6 individuals/month). Ponerinae (0.1 ± 0.3 individuals/month) and Dolichodirinae (75.8 ± 55.7 individuals/month). Within the latter. Tapinoma nigerrimum was the only one represented. where it was strongly recorded by sticky traps (2.2 ± 7.7 individuals/report) with a total of 427 individuals. This species has a wide spatial variation in abundance. with values ranging from 57 (station 3) to 385 individuals (station 5). As for temporal variations. it was very abundant in February (158 individuals) and March (183 individuals). while it was weakly detected in August (11 individuals). The abundance and distribution of this species were probably influenced by several factors including precipitation (r = 0.57; p = 0.041) which was positively correlated with catches. For biometrics. females (6.2 ± 0.2mm) were larger than males (4.53 ± 0.59mm) and female workers (3.22 ± 0.13mm). Indeed. the future queens were characterized by a thorax (2.1 ± 0.1mm) and an abdomen (2.1 ± 0.1mm) of very large size than the other castres.

Author(s): Ben Abdallah Sara, Ghehf Zouhra Hadda, Kherbouche yasmina, Eddoud Amar, Ababsa Labed, Sekour Makhlouf


Azoto-Phosphoric Potentials of Groundwater in the M'Zab Valley (Algeria)

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.17
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Abstract: The objective of this study is to evaluate the physicochemical quality of groundwater in the M'Zab valley intended for human consumption and irrigation because of the impact of their quality on public health. The analysis of the physicochemical quality is about samples taken from 16 holes of the deep aquifer and 12 wells of the surface water, distributed along the Oued M'Zab River from upstream to downstream. The results of the carried out analyzes have shown that the waters of the deep aquifer have a better quality than that of the waters of the superficial aquifer. The contents of the physicochemical constituents of the majority of the boreholes match the standards of potability according to WHO especially for pH, NH4+ and NO3-. On the other hand the waters of the superficial aquifer have a quality different from that of the waters of the deep aquifer. The waters of a large number of wells are of poor quality often exceed the thresholds of potability, this concerns more particularly the EC and the NO3-, which constitutes undoubtedly a risk for the inhabitants consuming these waters. Continuous assessment of the quality of these waters and treatment to reduce excessive concentrations of pollutants that may affect human health are strongly recommended. This preserves the quality of the groundwater and protects against all forms of pollution.

Author(s): Hadjira BENHEDID, Mustapha DADDI BOUHOUN


BAHRAIN\\\'S HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM: TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.8
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Abstract: The system of higher education in the Kingdom of Bahrain developed against the background of economic transformation in the country. This article analyzes the main stages and factors of the formation of the higher education system in the country, reveals the problems of its development at the present stage. Among the key factors in the formation of competitive education in Bahrain, it is worth noting the development of the state first and then the private sector, the improvement of the quality of education and the orientation towards international cooperation. Particular attention is paid to the position of Bahrain in the global market for educational services, analysis of Bahraini universities and the country\\\'s initiatives towards becoming a regional educational center.

Author(s): Irina Ahmed Zayn AYDRUS, Sergey V. RYAZANTSEV, Igor Y. BOGDANOV, Ravil R. ASMYATULLIN, Mehdi AFZALI, Nadezhda K. VASILIEVA


POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITY FOR BEEF CATTLE PRODUCTION OF THE PROTOTYPE FARMERS: THE CASE STUDY OF MAE CHAEM DISTRICT, CHIANG MAI PROVINCE

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.5
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Abstract: The research on potential and opportunity for the beef cattle production of the prototype farmers in the livestock model seeks to solve the burning forest problem and agricultural areas which create smog and climate change in Chiang Mai Province. The research objectives aim to study basic information of prototype farmers who raise beef cattle instead of growing maize, to analysis performance efficiency of beef cattle raising, together with the potential and opportunities for beef cattle production. The research area is conducted in Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai Province, based on a participatory observation with integrated operational synergies. The research has tried to develop the prototype farmers in transforming agricultural waste (corn husk, corncob, etc.) into silage food to increase nutrients. The empirical results show that the highest cost is found in the type of fattening farming, with fixed cost of 924,000 Thai Baht, as well as variable cost of 85,900 Thai Baht. This type also provided the highest income of 1,118,500 Thai Baht. Meanwhile, the highest profit belongs to the type of field release with an amount of 193,250 Thai Baht. Analyzing the performance efficiency, the type of field release shows the highest profit, with an amount of 11,600 Thai Baht. Meanwhile, the enclosure-raised beef cattle have the lowest efficiency because it possesses the lowest profit at 7,756 Thai Baht. Based on the SWOT analysis, the strength shows that Thai farmers have more experiences in cattle farming and breeding cattle. The weaknesses expose that most farmers and beef cattle cooperatives have no long-term planned production, marketing goals, and lacking working capital. The opportunities are the government sector highly supports investment in the beef cattle industry in terms of investment and various resources. Moreover, there are more advantages in logistics and supply chain management for beef cattle exports to neighboring countries because there are a path and linkage of the logistics systems. Finally, the threats indicate the shortages of raw materials and no concentrated food production plants in some areas result in higher food transportation costs.

Author(s): Wongchai Anupong, Intaruccomporn Wallratat, Sreshthaputra Suraphol, Prapatigul Panuphan, Pinthukas Nathitakarn


DO THE SELF-EFFICACIES OF ADOLESCENTS PREDICT THEIR INDIVIDUAL VALUES? ANALYSIS IN TERMS OF GENDER, FAMILY ATTITUDES AND CLASS

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.1
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Abstract: Introduction: In this study, differentiation of individual values and self-efficacy perception of adolescents is analyzed in terms of some variables. In addition, the predictive power of self-efficacy for individual values was analyzed. \r\nMethods: The Individual Values Scale and the Self-Efficacy Scale for Children were applied to 390 adolescents at the high school level. The results showed that self-efficacy and individual values become different in terms of gender, academic success perception, class and parental attitudes. \r\nResults & Conclusions: In this respect, it was determined that students\' self-efficacy differentiation was small according to their gender, class (n2=.022, Cohen\'s f=.15), and family attitudes (n2=.054, Cohen\'s f=.24), and moderate according to their GPA\'s (n2=.068, Cohen\'s f=.27), (p<.001). Also, it was determined that the individual values differed moderately according to family attitude (n2=.080, Cohen\'s f=.29) and GPA (n2=.086, Cohen\'s f=.31), and slightly according to gender (p<.001). On the other hand, significant relationships were found between individual values and self-efficacy, and self-efficacy was found to predict individual values positively (p<.001). The implications for psychological guidance were discussed and the importance of these results to the benefit of society was emphasized. In the 3rd model, self-efficacy (?=-. 386), social self-efficacy (?= .274) and gender (?=-. 064) significantly predicted individual values in high level (R=.53, R2=.28).

Author(s): Figen Akca

FOREIGN BANKS IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBAL CRISIS: CURRENT TRENDS, RISK PROFILES AND IMPACT SPECIFICITY ON SYSTEMIC STABILITY

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.9
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Abstract: Our paper investigates foreign banks impact on financial stability in transition countries during the boom-bust cycles, especially their contribution to the evolution and realization of systemic risk.The purpose of this study is to carry out theoretical pros and cons of foreign banks presence in post-soviet countries based on empirical evidence from their activity and risk profiles under different economic conditions and regulatory regimes. A comprehensive retrospective study of global bank capital entries into transition economies, reasons of foreign capital outflows and the dynamics of banks key financial indicators was carried out, as well as a comparative analysis of foreign versus local bank groups due to systemic financial sustainability.\\\\r\\\\nThe results of this study indicatethat foreign banks appeared more solvent during economic crises in transition countriesin comparison with local private banks, despite great financial losses and required capitalization. The differences in default levels and response to the crisis among foreign and local banks were found. Instead of cross-border contagion channel strengthening, foreign banks presence, higher customer loyalty and capital support from parent institutions reduced deposit outflows and smoothed the potential impact of financial instability during the crises. On the contrary, the need of modern early warning monitoring system of foreign banking still exists because of possible rise of concentration and potential non-financial risks related to geopolitical motives and strengthening of compliance requirements.\\\\r\\\\nMain findings of empirical analysis contribute to a deeper understanding of the ownership influence on the systemic risk formation in theCEE and post-soviet banking sectors during the previous booms and crises. Grounded on the empirical data analysis, important patterns in cross-border funding and systemic risk channels were found. It allows to forecast properlyfuture benefits and risks of foreign bank presence in transition countries for regulatory and business purposes.

Author(s): Fahri Murshudli, Roman Kornyliuk, Erkin Dilbazi


THE IMPACTS OF HEALTHCARE RESOURCES ON SERVICES OF EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT: DISCRETE EVENT SIMULATION WITH BOX-BEHNKEN DESIGN

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.10
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of healthcare resources on outputs defined as waiting time of patients, the length of stay, the number of patients treated and the cost of the resources for the emergency department (ED). Data were obtained with a discrete-event simulation model for the ED and Box-Behnken experimental design technique was used to analyze the resources of healthcare that affect the outputs of ED. We have emphasized the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare institutions on the quantity and quality of healthcare resources in the present study. Among the findings, by calculating the number of patients treated at maximum level (157 patients) with minimum cost (768.73 units of money), an improvement of 38.94 % of the patient waiting time and 20.87 % of the length of stay has been achieved. We support that the number of healthcare resources has a slight effect on the healthcare systems, while the main thing is that the quality of healthcare resources is more important according to the result of this study.

Author(s): Abdulkadir Atalan